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Moreover, policy action needs to be integrated across government portfolios, including sport, health and others. Until sports medicine research generates high-quality population-level information of direct relevance and importance to policy makers, especially intervention costing and implementation cost-benefit estimates, and fully engage in policy- informing partnerships, SIP will continue to be left off the public health agenda.

Eighty-five percent of investment in medical research has been wasted, with lack of effect on clinical practice and policy. There is increasing effort to improve the likelihood of research being used to influence clinical practice and policy.

Tonsillectomy is one of the most common otorhinolaryngologic surgical procedures, and its frequency, cost, and morbidity create a clear need for evidence-based guidelines and policy. The first systematic review on tonsillectomy was conducted 40 years ago and highlighted the lack of definitive evidence for the procedure. Since that study, the body of evidence has still not been able to sufficiently inform policy. This review provides an overview of the key challenges in research to inform tonsillectomy policy and recommendations to help bridge the evidence-policy gap.

The challenges in using research to inform policy can be summarized as 4 main themes: 1 non-policy-focused evidence and lack of available evidence, 2 quality of evidence, 3 communication of research findings, and 4 coordinating time frames. Researchers and decision makers should be aware of the limitations of research designs and conflicts of interest that can undermine policy decisions. Researchers must work with decision makers and patients throughout the research process to identify areas of unmet need and political priority, align research and policy time frames, and disseminate research findings.

Incentives for researchers should be reorganized to promote dissemination of findings. It is important to consider why evidence gaps in tonsillectomy research have not been addressed during the past 40 years despite considerable investment in time and resources. These findings and recommendations will help produce research that is more responsive to policy gaps and more likely to result in policy changes. Census Bureau, Commerce. We foresee that in the future, we could collect email addresses How to feed environmental studies with soil information to address SDG 'Zero hunger'.

As pledged by UN Sustainable Development Goal SDG 2, there should be zero hunger, food security, improved food nutrition and sustainable agriculture by Environmental studies are essential to reach SDG 2. Soils play a crucial role, especially in addressing 'Zero hunger'.

This study aims to discuss the connection between the supply and demand of soil data for environmental studies and how this connection can be improved illustrating different methods. As many studies are resource constrained, the options to collect new soil data are limited. Therefore, it is essential to use existing soil information , auxiliary data and collected field data efficiently. Existing soil data are criticised in literature as i being dominantly qualitative, ii being often outdated, iii being not spatially exhaustive, iv being only available at general scales, v being inconsistent, and vi lacking quality assessments.

Additional field data can help to overcome some of these problems. Outdated maps can, for example, be improved by collecting additional soil data in areas where changes in soil properties are expected. Existing soil data can also provide insight in the expected soil variability and, as such, these data can be used for the design of sampling schemes. Existing soil data are also crucial input for studies on digital soil mapping because they give information on parent material and the relative age of soils.

Digital soil mapping is commonly applied as an efficient method to quantitatively predict the spatial variation of soil properties. However, the efficiency of digital soil mapping may increase if we look at functional soil properties e. Digital soil mapping techniques are based on statistical.

This study of Aviation Safety Reporting System reports suggests that benefits should accure from implementation of discrete address beacon system data link. The phase enhanced terminal information system service is expected to provide better terminal information than present systems by improving currency and accuracy.

In the exchange of air traffic control messages, discrete address insures that only the intended recipient receives and acts on a specific message. Visual displays and printer copy of messages should mitigate many of the reported problems associated with voice communications. The problems that remain unaffected include error in addressing the intended recipient and messages whose content is wrong but are otherwise correct as to format and reasonableness.

Qualitative website analysis of information on birth after caesarean section. The United Kingdom UK caesarean section CS rate is largely determined by reluctance to augment trial of labour and vaginal birth. Choice between repeat CS and attempting vaginal birth after CS VBAC in the next pregnancy is challenging, with neither offering clear safety advantages. Women may access online information during the decision-making process.

Such information is known to vary in its support for either mode of birth when assessed quantitatively. Therefore, we sought to explore qualitatively, the content and presentation of web-based health care information on birth after caesarean section CS in order to identify the dominant messages being conveyed. The ten most frequently returned websites meeting relevant purposive sampling criteria were analysed. Sampling criteria were based upon funding source, authorship and intended audience.

Images and written textual content together with presence of links to additional media or external web content were analysed using descriptive and thematic analyses respectively. Ten websites were analysed: five funded by Government bodies or professional membership; one via charitable donations, and four funded commercially.

Commercially funded websites favoured a question and answer format alongside images, 'pop-ups', social media forum links and hyperlinks to third-party sites. The relationship between the parent sites and those being linked to may not be readily apparent to users, risking perception of endorsement of either VBAC or repeat CS whether intended or otherwise.

Websites affiliated with Government or health services presented referenced clinical information in a factual manner with podcasts of real life experiences. National survey addressing the information needs of primary care physicians: Side effect management of patients on androgen deprivation therapy. Androgen deprivation therapy ADT is a common treatment for prostate cancer with numerous side effects. We assess primary care physicians' PCPs knowledge of ADT side effects and their interest in increasing their knowledge in this area.

A cross- sectional survey was distributed to randomly selected physicians. In total, we received completed questionnaires. There is poor awareness of the prevalence of ADT side effects, and many are uncomfortable in managing these side effects. These areas may be addressed through CME programs and educational pamphlets.

Summary of technical information and agreements from Nuclear Management and Resources Council industry reports addressing license renewal. The technical information and agreements documented herein represent the status of the NRC staffs review when the NRC staff and industry resources were redirected to address rule implementation issues.

The NRC staff plans to incorporate appropriate technical information and agreements into the draft standard review plan for license renewal. Jabs and barbs: ways to address misleading vaccination and immunisation information using currently available strategies. Misleading vaccination information undermines confidence in vaccination and may lead to reductions in the effectiveness of vaccination programs. A number of regulatory techniques can be employed to challenge the spread of false information , including health care complaints, therapeutic goods laws, consumer protection laws and professional discipline.

This article examines three case studies involving the publication of anti-vaccination information by non-professionally aligned organisations, by non-registered health professionals, and by registered health professionals under the National Law. The article examines the effectiveness of different regulatory responses and makes suggestions for future strategies to deal with the publication of demonstrably false information regarding vaccination. An institutionwide strategic planning effort at Central Michigan University, in response to a need for rapid and significant changes in its information technology infrastructure, is outlined.

The effort resulted in a matrix governance structure for information technology that acknowledges the value of both distributed support and a strong central…. Elders in retirement communities face many challenges concerning information and communication. We know little about whether or how online technologies help meet their medical and social needs. The objective of this study was to gain insights into how these elders and their families manage health information and communication.

Qualitative analysis of 10 focus groups with elders and family members. Participants were 30 elders at least 75 years of age residing in 5 senior living communities in and near Boston, MA, and 23 family members. Elders and families turned first to their personal networks when they needed information or help. They stayed informed about elders' health primarily by talking directly with providers.

They used online resources infrequently, including portal access to medical records. They wanted online access to medication lists and visit notes, up-to-date information about local services and social activities, and a way to avoid the overwhelming nature of Internet searches. Elders in senior living communities and their families piece together information primarily from word of mouth communication.

In the future, electronic social and collaborative technologies may make information gathering easier. For permissions, please e-mail: journals. Ammenwerth, E. Summary Background and objectives With growing use of IT by healthcare professionals and patients, the opportunity for any unintended effects of technology to disrupt care health processes and outcomes is intensified. Methods Review of WG initiatives Results We argue that an evidence-based approach underpinned by rigorous evaluation is fundamental to the safe and effective use of IT, and for detecting and addressing its unintended consequences in a timely manner.

Indicators to benchmark the adoption and impact of IT can similarly be used to monitor unintended effects on healthcare structures, processes and outcome. We have also developed EvalDB, a web-based database of evaluation studies to promulgate evidence about unintended effects and are developing the content for courses to improve training in health IT evaluation.

Conclusion Evaluation is an essential ingredient for the effective use of IT to improve healthcare quality and patient safety. WG resources and skills development initiatives can facilitate a proactive and evidence-based approach to detecting and addressing the unintended effects of health IT.

Organisations seeking to establish themselves as leading cancer information sources for the public need to understand patterns and motivators for information seeking. Of these, A search was most frequently prompted by a cancer diagnosis of a family member or friend Across the cancer control spectrum, the information sought was most commonly about treatment and survival The internet was most commonly identified as a helpful source of information This study provides a snapshot of cancer information seeking in New Zealand, providing valuable knowledge to help shape resource delivery to better meet the diverse needs of information seekers and address potential unmet needs, where information seeking is less prevalent.

Information and Communication Technology ICT offers opportunities for governments to address key education challenges of quality, equity, and efficiency. While governments and educational institutions in developed countries may have taken up these opportunities, many developing countries in Asia and the Pacific region have often missed them out.

Full Text Available Large dynamic wavelength-division multiplexed WDM networks based on the distributed control mechanism are susceptible to routing information inaccuracies. Factors such as non-negligible propagation delays, infrequent network state updates For additional information please read the Privacy Act notice that is available via the link in the Finally, the paper draws conclusions concerning ways to minimize exposure to vulnerabilities in information technology infrastructure and recommends implementation of measures to optimize decision-making and minimize risk in a disruptive C2 environment.

This issue of the Nuclear Information and Knowledge Newsletter conveys some general information about the Nuclear Information Section and its activities. This search application is based on Google technology and represents the main access point not only to the INIS collection of 3. Combined together, the INIS and IAEA Library collections comprise one of the world's largest resources of published and unpublished information on the peaceful uses of nuclear science and technology.

Recent mobile customization of the INIS website proves our commitment to bringing our products and services closer to scientists, researchers and students. Better diagnosis and early referral due to increased health care coverage have increased the cesarean deliveries at tertiary-care hospitals of India. Improvements in the health care system raise many concerns and need of cross-checking system in place to counter the problems pertaining to patient education and participation of patient.

While most of the cesarean sections are done in good faith for the patient, it does not escape the purview of consumer awareness and protection. This cross- sectional study was undertaken at a tertiary level government institution to understand the level of awareness of patients regarding the various aspects of cesarean delivery which are essential for women to know before giving an informed consent.

Other demographic and social characteristics were also evaluated. While the health care schemes have had their improved results, the onus lies upon the caregivers to improve and maintain the quality of health care in these tertiary-care government hospitals in proportion to the increase in patient load.

The results of this study highlight the need for proper counseling of patients regarding complications of cesarean section. To bring about awareness about the risks and complications of cesarean section , there is a need that patients be counseled during the antenatal visits, specifically when patients visit near term for antenatal check up. Conventional wisdom is that siliclastic rocks are strongly water wet for the CO2-brine system, leading to high irreducible water saturation, moderate residual gas trapping and implying that tight rocks provide efficient seals for buoyant CO2.

If the wetting properties become intermediate or CO2 wet, the conclusions regarding CO2 flow and trapping could be very different. Addressing the CO2 wettability of seal and reservoir rocks is therefore essential to predict CO2 storage in geologic formation. Although a substantial amount of work has been dedicated to the topic, contact angle data show a large variability and experiments on plates, micromodels and cores report conflicting results regarding the influence of supercritical CO2 scCO2 exposure on wetting properties: whereas some experimental studies suggest dewetting upon reaction with scCO2, some others observe no wettability alteration under reservoir scCO2 conditions.

After reviewing evidences for and against wettability changes associated with scCO2, we discuss potential causes for differences in experimental results. They include the presence of organic matter and impact of sample treatment, the type of media non consolidated versus real rock , experimental time and exposure to scCO2, and difference in measurement system porous plate versus stationary fluid method. The results are compared to similar experiments performed on quartz sands, untreated and then baked, using the porous plate method.

In addition, a comparative experiment using the same Idaho gray sandstone rock core was performed with both the porous plate and the stationary fluid methods to investigate possible method-dependent results. Background Today patients can consult with their treating physician by cell phone or e-mail. The objective of this study is to assess the attitudes and practice of patients on obtaining the cell phone number or e-mail address of their physician for the purpose of medical consultation.

Comparisons were performed using Chi-square tests to analyze statistically significant differences of categorical variables. Two-tailed p values less than 0. Results The study sample included patients with a mean age of Ninety-three Of the patients Conclusions Patients favored cell phones over e-mail for consulting with their treating physicians.

With new technologies such as cell phones and e-mail in common use, it is important to determine how they can be best used and how they should be integrated into the flow of clinical practice. Full Text Available Abstract Background Today patients can consult with their treating physician by cell phone or e-mail. With new technologies such as cell phones and e-mail in common use, it is important to determine how they can be best used and how they should be integrated into the flow.

Addressing critical issues in the development of an Oncology Information System. The project focused on the aspects considered in the literature as critical factors for a successful deployment and usage of a health information system. System usability, adequate technology, integration of clinical routines, real-time statistical analysis of data, information confidentiality and standard protocol-based external interconnection were the key aspects considered.

The developed system is based on a web application with a modular and layered architecture accounting for usability, ease of maintenance and further system development. A thorough prior analysis of clinical activities and workflows, the use of the adequate technology, and the availability of data analysis tools will almost guarantee success in the deployment of an Oncology Information System.

Research- informed strategies to address educational challenges in a digitally networked world. EDUsummIT is a growing and active community of researchers, policy makers and practitioners that is committed to promote research- informed strategies to effectively integrate ICT in educational policy and. The Computer Information Systems CIS discipline faces an identity crisis: although demand for CIS graduates is growing, student enrollment is either in decline, or is at least soft or flat in many cases.

This has been referred to as the 21st century paradox. As one solution to this problem, we propose to integrate entrepreneurship in the CIS…. Investigation of the health information behavior, self-rated health, confidence in health issues and specific attitudes to health among the South Tyrolean population. Our study is an epidemiological cross- sectional study; data were collected via telephone interviews, using a questionnaire developed for this purpose that covered various aspects of information and health-related behavior.

For the elaboration of the typology of the most distinctive stereotypes in terms of health information and health-related behavior, a hierarchical cluster analysis was performed. We assessed correct telephone interviews. The majority of the respondents considered themselves health-conscious and preferred heterogeneous information media. The most used information media for health issues were mass media, i.

The internet was used less as a source of information. Younger individuals assessed themselves to be healthier than older people, and older women aged 65 years or more were the most health-impaired group. Respondents had greatest confidence in their general practitioner, their own feeling or experience. Thus, in terms of health information and health behavior, the following four classes of people could be distinguished, namely "internet information elite", "robust fatalists", "stricken" and "health-conscious mainstreamers".

Our results show that the South Tyrolean population has a high level of health consciousness and gathers health information from various media. The characterization of different patient typologies of information processing in combination with health-related behavior indicates that information about health and illness should be appropriately addressed to the respective stereotype.

However, the region of interest for this study has a strategic interest in countries adjacent to the Mediterranean Sea, which includes, Morocco, Tunisia, Egypt, Lebanon and Jordan. By the end of this century. Therefore, per IPCC projections in temperature rise and precipitation decline in the region, the scarcity of water will become more acute with population growth, and rising demand of food in the region.

Additionally, the trans boundary water issues will continue to plague the region in terms of sharing data for better management of water resources. This initiative was launched in October and is schedule to be completed by the end of Nuclear Information and Knowledge. News from the Nuclear Information Section , No. This issue of the Nuclear Information and Knowledge newsletter is devoted to the topic of constant change. This restructuring included the establishment of a new section to deal with synergetic aspects of information management in the form of modern library services combined with a powerful, and one of the world's largest, collections of published information on the peaceful uses of nuclear science and technology.

Assessing and addressing increased stakeholder and operator information needs in nuclear fuel cycle facilities: two concepts. Nuclear energy programs around the world increasingly find themselves at the nexus of potentially conflicting demands from both domestic and international stakeholders. On one side, the rapid growth in demand for electricity coupled with the goal of reducing carbon emissions calls for a significant expansion of nuclear energy.

On the other, stakeholders are seeking ever greater safety, environmental, security, and nonproliferation assurances before consenting to the construction of new nuclear energy facilities. Satisfying the demand for clean energy supplies will require nuclear energy operators to find new and innovative ways to build confidence among stakeholders.

This paper discusses two related concepts which can contribute to meeting the needs of key stakeholders in cost effective and efficient ways. Structured processes and tools for assessing stakeholder needs can build trust and confidence while facilitating the 'designing-in' of information collection systems for new facilities to achieve maximum efficiency and effectiveness.

Integrated approaches to monitoring facilities and managing the resulting data can provide stakeholders with continued confidence while offering operators additional facility and process information to improve performance. This project will explore information technology adoption issues. The unique characteristics of information technology will be discussed. Advantages and disadvantages to adoption will also be identified. Finally, a statistical model of Internet adoption will be developed to estimate the impacts of certain variables on the underlying process of information technology adoption.

The information collected from Full Text Available Some married women are experiencing different types of intimate partner violence by their current or former husband. However, the awareness and services for those women are still needed. Qualitative feminist method was used and five participants were purposefully selected to interview in depth.

It was found that awareness among women who experiencing violence and the people around them needed to be raised. And services provided for them also needed to be more concise and updated. Therefore, it is essentially important to extend education session to all people regarding violence against women.

Collaboration and cooperation of government and non-governmental organizations is also helpful to decrease various kinds of violence committed to women. Interventions before consultations to help patients address their information needs by encouraging question asking: systematic review. To assess the effects on patients, clinicians, and the healthcare system of interventions before consultations to help patients or their representatives gather information in consultations by question asking.

Systematic review with meta-analysis. Electronic literature searches of seven databases and hand searching of one journal and bibliographies of relevant articles. Review methods Inclusion criteria included randomised controlled trials. Primary outcomes were question asking; patients' anxiety, knowledge, and satisfaction; and length of consultation. A few studies showed positive effects. Meta-analyses showed small and statistically significantly increases in question asking standardised mean difference 0.

Non-statistically significant changes occurred in patients' anxiety before consultations weighted mean difference Interventions comprising written materials had similar effects on question asking, consultation length, and patients' satisfaction as those comprising the coaching of patients. Interventions with additional training of clinicians had little further effect than those targeted at patients alone for patients' satisfaction and consultation length.

Interventions for patients before consultations produce small benefits for patients. This may be because patients and clinicians have established behaviours in consultations that are difficult to change. Alternatively small increases in question asking may not be sufficient to make notable changes to other outcomes. We start with probably the most important development of — the indexing of the INIS Collection by Google Scholar and the possibility to search our Collection while searching Google Scholar.

An article on the usage of the INIS Collection statistically demonstrates the impact this cooperation with Google had on the number of visitors to our site. To better serve those visitors, the INIS Collection Search ICS is constantly updated and improved, while the number of records continues to increase — both topics which are discussed in the Newsletter.

IAEA Library activities are reviewed through a prism of current challenges and opportunities, which include the possibility of introducing a new Resource Description and Access RDA standard. Special mention is given to a collection of valuable books and documents donated by the family of the late Dr. Franz J. And last, but not least, information resources available from the Library, or directly from the Web, are mentioned in 'Worth Reading'.

Informed consent for caesarean section at a Nigerian university The consent for CS were mostly given by the patients 96, Majority of the respondents In fact, it is ranked second of all search hits. This great result was achieved through hard work collecting world nuclear documentation for more than 40 years. INIS achieved this admirable place through a tremendous amount of joint effort and work, but in order to remain there, constant improvements and changes are necessary.

This issue of the Nuclear Information and Knowledge Newsletter talks about some of those changes and the work done by the Nuclear Information Section during the last months. This and other achievements are described in the article on INIS. The article on the history of digital preservation at INIS describes the ways and means for digitizing and making available hundreds of thousands of full texts.

Its improved usability, enhanced search results, emailing and quick browsing are some of the features described here. A cross- sectional pilot study of the Scottish early development instrument: a tool for addressing inequality. Background Early childhood is recognised as a key developmental phase with implications for social, academic, health and wellbeing outcomes in later childhood and indeed throughout the adult lifespan.

Methods Phase 1 was piloted in an education district with 14 Primary 1 teachers assessing a cohort of children, following which the instrument was adapted for the Scottish context Scottish Early Development Instrument: SEDI. Phase 2 was then carried out using the SEDI. Data were analysed from a larger sample of participants, comprising all Primary 1 children within this school district, evaluated by 68 teachers.

Results The SEDI displayed adequate psychometric and discriminatory properties and is appropriate for use across Scotland without any further modifications. Children in the lowest socioeconomic status quintiles were 2—3 times more likely than children in the most affluent quintile to score low in at. The information collected from the Section 3 Business Self-Certification Attending conferences, meetings and other gatherings offers visibility but it requires thoughtful preparation and giving presentations and lectures, writing articles, and preparing posters.

We need active participation. Aggregate or evaporate! Standalone databases or repositories are necessary but they need to be aggregated in order to provide easier access and better search results. Due to multiple information resources available at various locations, customers require a single access point that allows them to search all locations with a single query. Being social is no longer an option. Social media channels are becoming a dominant means of influencing and keeping in contact with customers.

Besides marketing, social media should be used as a means to connect with customers and obtain feedback on information services and products. Our INISsecretariat Twitter account is slowly gaining ground and has a number of followers, but more needs to done in order to reach the full potential of this powerful tool. Articles in this issue of the Nuclear Information and Knowledge Newsletter deal directly or indirectly with some of the above mentioned lessons learned by the Nuclear Information Section in Globally, pediatric HIV has largely become an adolescent epidemic.

Thailand has the highest HIV prevalence in Asia 1. There is growing demand for evidence-based psychosocial interventions for this population that include health and mental health support and sexual risk reduction, which can be integrated into HIV care systems. Using community-based participatory research methods, changes to the intervention curriculum were made to address language, culture, and Thai family life. Involvement of families, youth, and stakeholders in the adaptation process allowed for identification of salient issues and of program delivery methods that would increase engagement.

Sessions focus on family communication, coping, disclosure, stigma, social support, and HIV education. It discusses how culturally informed adaptations can be made to interventions while maintaining core program components. Bridging the digital divide in health care: the role of health information technology in addressing racial and ethnic disparities. Racial and ethnic disparities in health care have been consistently documented in the diagnosis, treatment, and outcomes of many common clinical conditions.

There has been an acceleration of health information technology HIT implementation in the United States, with health care reform legislation including multiple provisions for collecting and using health information to improve and monitor quality and efficiency in health care. Despite an uneven and generally low level of implementation, research has demonstrated that HIT has the potential to improve quality of care and patient safety.

If carefully designed and implemented, HIT also has the potential to eliminate disparities. Several root causes for disparities are amenable to interventions using HIT, particularly innovations in electronic health records, as well as strategies for chronic disease management. Recommendations regardinghealth care system, provider, and patient factors can help health care organizations address disparities as they adopt, expand, and tailor their HIT systems.

As investments are made in HIT, consideration must be given to the impact that these innovations have on the quality and cost of health care for all patients, including those who experience disparities. Library anxiety is a concept which has been recognised in academic library circles since the early s.

It can result in students actively avoiding the library for the duration of their studies. She decided to make it the focus of her MSc dissertation, and this article discusses her research project as well as highlighting the measures she has taken to address the issues she uncovered. Students rarely practice math outside of school requirements, which we refer to as the "math-practice gap".

This gap might be the reason why students struggle with math, making it urgent to develop means by which to address it. In the current paper, we propose that math apps offer a viable solution to the math-practice gap: Online apps can provide access to a large number of problems, tied to immediate feedback, and delivered in an engaging way.

To substantiate this conversation, we looked at whether tablets are sufficiently engaging to motivate children's informal math practice. Our approach was to partner with education agencies via a community-based participatory research design. The three participating education agencies serve elementary-school students from low-SES communities, allowing us to look at tablet use by children who are unlikely to have extensive access to online math enrichment programs.

At the same time, the agencies differed in several structural details, including whether our intervention took place during school time, after school, or during the summer. This allowed us to shed light on tablet feasibility under different organizational constraints. Our findings show that tablet-based math practice is engaging for young children, independent of the setting, the student's age, or the math concept that was tackled.

At the same time, we found that student engagement was a function of the presence of caring adults to facilitate their online math practice. Full Text Available Spectral mixture analysis SMA is a common approach for parameterizing biophysical fractions of urban environment and widely applied in many fields. For successful SMA, the selection of endmember class and corresponding spectra has been assumed as the most important step.

Thanks to the spatial heterogeneity of natural and urban landscapes, the variability of endmember class and corresponding spectra has been widely considered as the profound error source in SMA. To address the challenging problems, we proposed a geographic information -assisted temporal mixture analysis GATMA. Furthermore, an ordinary kriging analysis was employed to generate a spatially varying endmember spectra at all pixels in the remote sensing image. As a consequence, a fully constrained temporal mixture analysis was conducted for examining the fractional land use land covers.

In addition, comparative analysis result illustrates that a significant accuracy improvement has been found in the whole study area and both developed and less developed areas, and this demonstrates that the variability of endmember class and endmember spectra is essential for unmixing analysis. The risk- informed process provides a framework for allocating inspection resources in a cost-effective manner and helps focus inspections where most critical for plant safety.

Based on the success of the risk- informed ISI piping applications at US and non-US plants, Section XI has refined existing Code Cases and expanded the use of the risk- informed process to a variety of high-risk components and systems. The risk informed approach started in the area of inspection and is now being expanded to other plant maintenance activities.

This article summarizes the Section XI actions and the continued development of the risk- informed process to improve nuclear plant maintenance. The following table provides information regarding mailing addresses to be used Optimal cross- sectional sampling for river modelling with bridges: An information theory-based method.

Ridolfi, E. The description of river topography has a crucial role in accurate one-dimensional 1D hydraulic modelling. Specifically, cross- sectional data define the riverbed elevation, the flood-prone area, and thus, the hydraulic behavior of the river. Here, the problem of the optimal cross- sectional spacing is solved through an information theory-based concept. The optimal subset of locations is the one with the maximum information content and the minimum amount of redundancy.

The original contribution is the introduction of a methodology to sample river cross sections in the presence of bridges. The approach is tested on the Grosseto River IT and is compared to existing guidelines. Law Addressing information needs to reduce the audit expectation gap : Evidence from Dutch bankers, audited companies and auditors. This study examines what the impact is of frequently proposed information needs on reducing the audit expectations gap AEG , including information about the audited company, information about the audit process and changes to the auditors' report.

We base our findings on a survey of participants. Formal or Informal? In this article, the authors examine the effects of style of dress, forms of address , and gender of the stimulus person on business students' perceptions of professors' attributes. Student participants women, men rated the stimulus person on indexes of attractiveness, trustworthiness, credibility, and likeability. Style of dress and form…. Nominal and pronominal address forms, which play a central role in the construction of interpersonal relations cf.

Bargiela et al. Less attention, however, has been paid to these forms from a variational pragmatics Schneider and…. How prepared are young, rural women in India to address their sexual and reproductive health needs? Young, rural Indian women lack sexual and reproductive health SRH information and agency and are at risk of negative sexual and reproductive health outcomes.

Youth-focused interventions have been shown to improve agency and self-efficacy of young women to make decisions regarding their sexual and reproductive health. The objectives of this study were to assess young women's sexual and reproductive health knowledge; describe their health-seeking behaviors; describe young women's experiences with sexual and reproductive health issues, including unwanted pregnancy and abortion; and identify sources of information , including media sources.

A cross- sectional survey with a representative sample of married and unmarried women young women years from three rural community development blocks in Jharkhand, India was conducted in Participants were asked a series of questions related to their SRH knowledge and behavior, as well as questions related to their agency in several domains related to self-efficacy and decision-making.

Linear regression was used to assess factors associated with greater or less individual agency and to determine differences in SRH knowledge and behavior between married and unmarried women. Despite national policies, participants married young mean Women achieved low composite scores on knowledge around sex and pregnancy, contraception, and abortion knowledge.

Married and unmarried women also had limited agency in decision-making, freedom of mobility, self-efficacy, and financial resources. Most of the women in the sample received SRH information by word of mouth. Lack of knowledge about sexual and reproductive health in this context indicates that young rural Indian women would benefit from a youth-friendly SRH intervention to. Potential role of tele-rehabilitation to address barriers to implementation of physical therapy among West African stroke survivors: A cross- sectional survey.

The greatest burden from stroke-related disability is borne by Low-and-Middle Income countries LMICs where access to rehabilitation after stroke is severely challenged. Tele-rehabilitation could be a viable avenue to address unmet rehabilitation needs in LMICs. To assess the burden of post-stroke physical deficits, rates of utilization of physiotherapy services, and perceptions of tele-rehabilitation among recent Ghanaian stroke survivors.

Using a consecutive sampling strategy, stroke survivors attending an outpatient Neurology clinic in a Ghanaian tertiary medical center were enrolled into this cross- sectional study. After collecting basic demographic data, clinical history on stroke type, severity and level of disability, we administered the validated item Functional Independence Measure questionnaire to evaluate functional status of study participants and an 8-item questionnaire to assess participants' attitudes towards telemedicine administered rehabilitation intervention.

Barriers to access to physiotherapy included financial constraints due to cost of physiotherapy services and transportation as well as premature discharge from physiotherapy to avoid overburdening of available physiotherapy services. These factors led to the limited provision of rehabilitative therapy. Despite, a high burden of residual disability, only about 1 out of 4 stroke patients in this Ghanaian cohort was exposed to post-stroke physiotherapy services, largely due to relatively high costs and limited health system resources.

These Ghanaian stroke patients viewed. Census Bureau's Master Virginia Commonwealth University's University Library Services offers through its organizational structure an opportunity for librarians to work directly with media experts. University Library Services envisions the future librarian as an information manager, information specialist, and teacher. Addressing disparities in low back pain care LBP is an important yet largely unaddressed issue.

One avenue to addressing disparities, recommended by clinical guidelines, is to ensure that LBP information is culturally appropriate. Our objectives were, first, to develop LBP information that was culturally appropriate for Aboriginal Australians living in a rural area and, second, to compare this to traditional information.

Twenty Aboriginal adults participated. Qualitatively we ascertained which information participants' preferred and why, perceptions about each resource, and LBP management. Participants valued seeing "Aboriginal faces," language that was understandable, the visual format, and seeing Aboriginal people undertaking positive changes in MBOT. In contrast, many participants found the language and format of the BB a barrier. Participants who preferred the BB were more comfortable with written information and appreciated the detailed content.

The MBOT information was more preferred and addressed important barriers to care, providing support for use in practice. Similar processes are needed to develop pain information for other cultural groups, particularly those underserved by existing approaches to care.

Convocation address. This address delivered to the 40th convocation of the International Institute for Population Sciences in India in opens by noting that a shortage of jobs for youth is India's most urgent problem but that the problems that attend the increasing numbers of elderly also require serious attention. The address then notes that the Earth's population is growing at an unsustainable rate while economic inequities among countries are increasing, so that, while intellectual property is becoming the most important asset in developed countries, nutritional anemia among pregnant women causes their offspring to be unable to achieve their full intellectual potential from birth.

Next, the address uses a discussion of the 18th-century work on population of the Marquis de Condorcet and of Thomas Malthus to lead into a consideration of estimated increased needs of countries like India and China to import food grains in the near future. Next, the progress of demographic transition in Indian states is covered and applied to Mahbub ul Haq's measure of human deprivation developed for and applied to the region of the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Bhutan, and the Maldives.

The address continues by reiterating some of the major recommendations forwarded by a government of India committee charged in with drafting a national population policy. Finally, the address suggests specific actions that could be important components of the Hunger-Free India Programme and concludes that all success rests on the successful implementation of appropriate population policies.

While political reorientation and economic redress were of immediate concern, South African context, where widespread changes have been proposed for education at all Caesarean section , also known as C- section , is a very common procedure in the world. Minimum data set MDS is defined as a set of data elements holding information regarding a series of target entities to provide a basis for planning, management, and performance evaluation. MDS has found a great use in health care information systems.

Also, it can be considered as a basis for medical information management and has shown a great potential for contributing to the provision of high quality care and disease control measures. Data items collected from several selected AIMS were studied to establish an initial set of data. The population of this study composed of anesthesiologists was asked to review the proposed data elements and score them in order of importance by using a five-point Likert scale.

Overall 8 classes of data consisted of 81 key data elements were determined as final set. Also, the most important required capabilities were related to airway management and hypertension and hypotension management. In the development of information system IS based on MDS and identification, because of the broad involvement of users, IS capabilities must focus on the users' needs to form a successful system.

Therefore, it is essential to assess MDS watchfully by considering the planned uses of data. Also, IS should have essential capabilities to meet the needs of its users. CHAMP refers to a set of theory-driven, evidence- informed , collaboratively designed, family-based approaches meant to address the prevention, health, and mental health needs of poverty-impacted African American and Latino urban youth who are either at risk for HIV exposure or perinatally infected and at high risk for reinfection and possible transmission.

CHAMP approaches are informed by theoretical frameworks that incorporate an understanding of the critical influences of multilevel contextual factors on youth risk taking and engagement in protective health behaviors. Highly influential theories include the triadic theory of influence, social action theory, and ecological developmental perspectives.

CHAMP program delivery strategies were developed via a highly collaborative process drawing upon community-based participatory research methods in order to enhance cultural and contextual sensitivity of program content and format. Similar to families from other groups, urban-based American Indian and Alaska Native "Native" family members involved with the child welfare system due to substance abuse issues are also often challenged by untreated trauma exposure.

The link between these conditions and the history of genocidal policies aimed at destroying Native family ties, as well as experiences of ongoing discrimination, bring added dimensions for consideration when pro- viding services to these families. Practice-based evidence indicates that the trauma- informed and culturally responsive model developed by the Denver Indian Family Resource Center DIFRC shows promise in reducing out-of-home placements and re-referrals in urban Native families with substance abuse and child welfare concerns, while also increasing caregiver capabilities, family safety, and child well-being.

This article provides strategies from the DIFRC approach that non-Native caseworkers and supervisors can utilize to create an environment in their own agencies that supports culturally based practice with Native families while incorporating a trauma- informed understanding of service needs of these families.

Intensive and proactive case management designed specifically for families with high levels of service needs is a key strategy when combined with utilizing a caseworker brief screening tool for trauma exposure; training caseworkers to recognize trauma symptoms, making timely referrals to trauma treatment by behavioral health specialists experienced in working with Native clients, and providing a consistent service environment that focuses on client safety and worker trustworthiness.

Finally, suggestions are put forth for agencies seeking to enhance their cultural responsiveness and include increasing workers' understanding of cultural values. Opening address. This meeting is an effort to aid research on problems related to the general area of nuclear plant aging and life management. In particular it addresses fracture properties of reactor materials and components, both as installed, and at end of service condition. A major concern is relating measurements made on laboratory samples to properties displayed by actual reactor components.

During the speaker's tenure as Health Minister of Maharashtra, he implemented a sterilization incentive program that resulted in the state's having the best family planning FP statistics in India for almost 10 years. The incentive program, however, was misused by overenthusiastic officials in other states, with the result that the FP program was renamed the Family Welfare Programme.

Population is growing in India because of improvements in health care, but the population education necessary to change fertility will require more time than the seriousness of the population problem allows. In the longterm, poverty and illiteracy must be addressed to control population.

In the meanwhile, the graduate program at the IIPS should be expanded to include an undergraduate program, marriage age laws should be enforced, and misconceptions about religious objections to FP must be addressed. India can not afford to use the measures forwarded by developed countries to control population growth. India must integrate population control efforts with the provision of health care because if population continues to grow in the face of reduced infant mortality and longer life expectancy, future generations will be forced to live in a state of poverty and economic degradation.

Addressing culture and context in humanitarian response: preparing desk reviews to inform mental health and psychosocial support. Delivery of effective mental health and psychosocial support programs requires knowledge of existing health systems and socio-cultural context. To respond rapidly to humanitarian emergencies, international organizations often seek to design programs according to international guidelines and mobilize external human resources to manage and deliver programs.

Familiarizing international humanitarian practitioners with local culture and contextualizing programs is essential to minimize risk of harm, maximize benefit, and optimize efficient use of resources. Ries Type: Article Outcomes and long-term follow-up with the use of ureteral access sheath for pediatric ureteroscopy and stone treatment: Results from a tertiary endourology center - Ravindar Anbarasan , Stephen J.

Griffin and Bhaskar K. Somani Type: Article Item not available on this server. Towards autonomy: A recommender system for the determination of trim and flight parameters for Seagliders - Enrico Anderlini , Catherine Harris , Alexander B. Considerations for refining the risk assessment process for formaldehyde: results from an interdisciplinary workshop - Melvin E.

Andersen , P. Robinan Gentry , James A. Swenberg , Kenneth A. Mundt , Kimberly W. Clewell Type: Article Association between topical corticosteroid use and type 2 diabetes in two european population-based adult cohorts - Yuki M. Williams , Nick A. Francis , Filip K. Knop , Gunnar H. Gislason , Lone Skov and Jacob P. Thyssen Type: Article Item not available on this server. Small area temporal household electricity demand models for New Zealand: Why, how and how far have we got?

We got the power: clarifying the role of statistical power and statistical significance in study design, inference and decision making in energy demand reduction studies - Ben Anderson , Tom Rushby , Abubakr Bahaj and Patrick James Type: Monograph Universty of Southampton Item availability restricted. Nucleobase pairing and photodimerization in a biologically derived metal-organic framework nanoreactor - Samantha L. Anderson , Peter G. Nguyen , Robert G. Rosseinsky , Berend Smit and Kyriakos C.

Stylianou Type: Article The dynamics of neutron star crusts: Lagrangian perturbation theory for a relativistic superfluid-elastic system - N. Andersson , B. Haskell , G. Comer and L. Samuelsson Type: Article The g-mode spectrum of reactive neutron star cores - N. Andersson and P. Pnigouras Type: Article The sum of Love: exploring the effective tidal deformability of neutron stars - Nils Andersson and Pantelis Pnigouras Type: Article Dissipation triggers dynamical two-stream instability - Nils Andersson and Andreas Schmitt Type: Article Item not available on this server.

Wilson , Max Crispin , Beatrice H. Hahn , Barton F. Haynes , Laurent Verkoczy , Andrew B. Ward and Dennis R. Burton Type: Article Interfacial crack arrest in sandwich beams subjected to fatigue loading using a novel crack arresting device — numerical modelling - J. Andreasen , C. Berggreen , G. Martakos and O. Thomsen Type: Article Socioeconomics of agrarian production: Considering rural cooperatives in the archaeology of the Eastern Mediterranean through the lens of 2nd Millennium BCE Cyprus - Georgia Andreou Type: Article Item not available on this server.

The body as starting point: Applying inside body knowledge for inbodied design - Josh Andres , m. Handheld 3D scanning as a minimally invasive measuring technique for neonatal anthropometry - Edward T. Mark Beattie and Mark J. Measuring body composition in the preterm infant: Evidence base and practicalities - Edward T. Andrews , R. Johnson Type: Review Item not available on this server.

Combating climate change through enhanced weathering of agricultural soils - M. Grace Andrews and Lyla L. Taylor Type: Article Item not available on this server. Exhumed hydrocarbon traps on the North Atlantic margin: Stratigraphy, palaeontology, provenance and bitumen distribution, an integrated approach - Steven D. Kelly , Paula Robinson , Andrew C.

Morton , John E. Marshall and Fiona Hyden Type: Article Hydration and nanomechanical changes in collagen fibrils bearing advanced glycation end-products - Orestis G. Andriotis , Kareem Elsayad , David E. Smart , Mathis Nalbach , Donna E. Davies and Philipp J. Thurner Type: Article News you can use! Anghileri , S.

Monhart , C. Zhou , K. Bogner , A. Castelletti , P. Burlando and M. Zappa Type: Article Soft-walled monothalamids Rhizaria foraminifera of the Crimean shelf Black Sea : taxonomic composition and inter-regional patterns of species diversity and distribution - Oksana V. Anikeeva , Andrew J. Gooday and Alexey N.

Petrov Type: Article Item not available on this server. Channel selective wavelength conversion by means of inter modal four wave mixing - Omar F. Organizational cultures and logics of risk and rehabilitation in English parole - Harry Annison Type: Conference or Workshop Item Item not available on this server. Interferon lambda 4 impacts the genetic diversity of hepatitis C virus - M. Ball , E. Barnes , G. Foster , C. Ansell , Monique C. Minnema , Peter Johnson , John M. Timmerman , Philippe Armand , Margaret A.

Shipp , Scott J. Rodig , Azra H. Ligon , Margaretha G. Roemer , Nishitha Reddy , Jonathon B. Madsen , Josef Melcr , Markus S. Samuli Ollila and Thomas J. Piggot Type: Article Individual perception dynamics in drunk games - Alberto Antonioni , Luis A. Potential utility of foveal morphology in preterm infants measured using hand-held optical coherence tomography in retinopathy of prematurity screening - Samira Anwar , Mintu Nath , Aarti Patel , Helena Lee , Samantha Brown , Irene Gottlob and Frank A.

Proudlock Type: Article Factors associated with hand and upper arm functional disability in people with rheumatoid arthritis: a systematic review - Hisham Arab Alkabeya , Ann-Marie Hughes and Joanna Adams Type: Article Laird , Andrew M. Fisher , Jonathan O. Cullis , Trevor A. The lazy life of lipid-linked oligosaccharides in all life domain - Pablo R. Arantes , Conrado Pedebos , Marcelo D. Evaluation of a breathing retraining intervention to improve quality of life in asthma; quantitative process analysis of the BREATHE randomised controlled trial - Emily J.

Making a diagnosis in severe cutaneous drug hypersensitivity reactions - Michael R. Jones and Henry A. Ruhl Type: Article Redox flow batteries for energy storage: their promise, achievements and challenges - Luis F. Walsh Type: Article Walsh Type: Editorial Item availability restricted. Know-how or know-why? The role of hybrid electric vehicle drivers' acquisition of eco-driving knowledge for eco-driving success - Matthias G.

Arend , Thomas Franke and Neville A. Stanton Type: Article Decarbonisation and world poverty: a just transition for fossil fuel exporting countries? Why global justice matters: moral progress in a divided world - Christopher Armstrong Type: Book Polity Item not available on this server. For S. Rathus, J. Nevid, L. McKay, Human sexuality in a world of diversity 6th Canadian ed.

Moore Type: Meeting abstract Item not available on this server. HIV testing among a representative community sample of gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men in Vancouver, Canada - Heather L. Lachowsky , Kiffer G. Roth , Robert S. Hogg and David M. Moore Type: Article Developing objective timetable quality metric - John Armstrong , R.

Mobilisation of arsenic, selenium and uranium from Carboniferous black shales in west Ireland - Joseph G. Armstrong , John Parnell , Liam A. Bullock , Adrian J. Masked shoreline erosion at large spatial scales as a collective effect of beach nourishment - Scott B.

Armstrong and Eli Lazarus Type: Article Reconstructing patterns of coastal risk in space and time along the US Atlantic coast, — - Scott B. Exploring unintended feedbacks between coastal hazard, exposure, and vulnerability - Scott, Bruce Armstrong Type: Thesis University of Southampton. The global and regional impacts of climate change under representative concentration pathway forcings and shared socioeconomic pathway socioeconomic scenarios - N.

Arnell , J. Lowe , D. Bernie , R. Nicholls , S. Brown , A. Challinor and T. Osborn Type: Article Uranyl oxo reduction and functionalisation by elements from across the periodic table: English - Polly L. Arnold , Jamie M. Purkis , R Caciuffo , O.

Walter , N. Kaltsoyannis , S Parsons , B. Cowie , N. Bell , M. Zegke , M. Dutkiewicz , B. Shaw and J. Controlled photocatalytic hydrocarbon oxidation by uranyl complexes - Polly L. Preoperative patient preparation, programs, and education in the United States: State of the art, state of the science, and state of affairs - Solomon Aronson , Mike P. Grocott and Monty G. Mythen Type: Editorial Item availability restricted. Genome-wide promoter methylation of hairy cell leukemia - Alberto J.

Johnson , Gianluca Gaidano , Christopher C. Allan , Richard R. Association of asthma and smoking with lung function impairment in adolescence and early adulthood; the Isle of Wight Birth Cohort Study - S. Arthur , Jeremy P. Blaydes and Franchesca D. Houghton Type: Article Application of transmetallation to the synthesis of planar chiral and chiral-at-metal iridacycles - Ross A.

Arthurs , David L. Hughes , Peter Horton , Simon J. Coles and Christopher J. Richards Type: Article Buckling behaviour of thin-walled laminated composite beams having open and closed sections subjected to axial and end moment loading - Arash Asadi , Abdul Hamid Sheikh and Ole Thomsen Type: Article The application of the metatheory of critical realism to questions in morality - Stephen Robert Ash Type: Thesis University of Southampton.

On the influence of vulnerable marine ecosystem habitats on Peracarid Crustacean Assemblages in the Northwest Atlantic fisheries organisation regulatory area - Oliver S. Ashford , Andrew J. Kenny , Christopher R. Rogers Type: Article Decision-making: Do existing models reflect the complex and multifaceted nature of woman-centred contemporary midwifery practice? Fairy tale midwifery 10 years on: re-evaluating the lived experiences of newly qualified midwives - Kate Ashforth and Ellen Kitson-Reynolds Type: Article Item not available on this server.

Fairy tale midwifery ten years on: facilitating the transition to newly qualified midwife - Kate Ashforth and Ellen Kitson-Reynolds Type: Review Item availability restricted. The metabolism of vitamin D and its effect on the epigenetic regulation of gene expression within the human placenta - Brogan Ashley Type: Thesis University of Southampton. Alley-cropping system increases vegetation heterogeneity and moderates extreme microclimates in oil palm plantations - Mohamad Ashraf , Ruzana Sanusi , Raja Zulkifli , Kamil A.

Tohiran , R. Moslim , A. Refuturing creative work and remixing creative education - Daniel Ashton Type: Conference or Workshop Item Item not available on this server. Treatment of active Crohn's Disease with an ordinary food-based diet that replicates exclusive enteral nutrition - James Ashton and Robert Beattie Type: Letter Mark Beattie Type: Article Personalised therapy for inflammatory bowel disease - James J.

Ashton and R. Mark Beattie Type: Letter Item not available on this server. Screen time in children and adolescents: is there evidence to guide parents and policy? Exclusive enteral nutrition in Crohn's disease: Evidence and practicalities - James J. Ashton , Joan Gavin and R. Inflammatory bowel disease: long-term therapeutic challenges - James J. Personalising medicine in inflammatory bowel disease—current and future perspectives - James J. Mark Beattie Type: Article Item availability restricted.

Mark Beattie Type: Letter Replanting of first-cycle oil palm results in a second wave of biodiversity loss - Adham Ashton-Butt , Simon P. Peh and Jake Snaddon Type: Article The role of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in plant invasion trajectory - Farzad Aslani , A.

Shukor Juraimi , M. Saiful Ahmad-Hamdani , M. Amirul Alam , M. Mahmudul Hasan , F. Two dimensional materials synthesis for electronic and optoelectronic applications - Nikolaos Aspiotis Type: Thesis University of Southampton. Exploration and development of a C-H-activated route to access the [1,2]dithiolo[4,3- b ]indole-3 4 H -thione core and related derivatives - Christopher R. Asquith , Lidia S.

Konstantinova , Graham J. Tizzard , Tuomo Laitinen , Simon J. Coles , Oleg A. Rakitin and Stephen T. Hilton Type: Article Investigation of the pentathiepin functionality as an Inhibitor of feline immunodeficiency virus FIV via a potential zinc ejection mechanism, as a model for HIV infection - Christopher R.

Asquith , Tuomo Laitinen , Lidia S. Tizzard , Antii Poso , Oleg A. Asquith , Kaitlyn A. Maffuid , Tuomo Laitinen , Chad D. Torrice , Graham J. Tizzard , Daniel J. Crona and William J. Zuercher Type: Article Asquith , Bruno C.

Sil , Tuomo Laitinen , Graham J. Tizzard , Simon J. Asquith and Graham J. Tizzard Type: Article Simulations of flow in thermochemical nonequilibrium using adaptive mesh refinement - Chay W. An investigation of factors influencing the response of screen printed thick film electrochemical sensors in the monitoring of lubrication oil ageing - John Atkinson , Ling Wang and Kun Yang Type: Article An efficient security risk estimation technique for risk-based access control model for IoT - Hany F.

Intersections between IoT and distributed ledger - Hany F. Wills Type: Article Item availability restricted. McAuliffe , Cecily C. Kelleher , Catherine M. Phillips , Barbara Heude and Jonathan Y. Bernard Type: Article Patterns of at-sea behaviour at a hybrid zone between two threatened seabirds - Rhiannon E. Austin , Russell B. Wynn , Stephen C. Burden of treatment in chronic heart failure: does symptom burden play a role?

Austin , Lisette Schoonhoven , Paul R. Kalra and Carl R. May Type: Article Social structure, agency and second language learning: A study of the impact of contextual conditions on the desire to invest in language learning amongst undergraduate students in Cancun - Magdalena Avila Pardo Type: Thesis University of Southampton Item availability restricted. Social participation and friendship quality of students with special educational needs in regular Greek primary schools - Elias Avramidis , Georgia Avgeri and Vasilis Strogilos Type: Book Section Routledge.

Location matters. The role of belonging and place-making among owner-occupiers, tenants, landlords and second homeowners in a neoliberal waterfront area: the Case of Ocean Village, Southampton - Yahya Aydin Type: Thesis University of Southampton Item availability restricted.

Ayres , Esam T. Hellman , Steven A. Baker Type: Article The micro-dynamics of power and performance in focus groups: an example from discussions on national identity with the South Sudanese diaspora in the UK - Rachel Ayrton Type: Article An analytical and experimental investigation of aerofoil-turbulence interaction noise for plates with spanwise-varying leading edges - Lorna J.

Ayton and Chaitanya Paruchuri Type: Article Griffin Type: Article Comparing ethnographies: local studies of education across the Americas - Marta Azaola Type: Review Item availability restricted. Support from extended family in higher education: a narrative literature review - Marta Azaola Type: Article Item availability restricted. Kurukulaaratchy Type: Article Berger and Gamal El-Din A.

Abuo-Rahma Type: Article Item availability restricted. The contribution of complementary and alternative medicine to reduce antibiotic use: A narrative review of health concepts, prevention, and treatment strategies - Erik W. Optimal production, scheduling, lot-sizing and power generation for a soft drink factory in absence of a power grid - Abubakar Yusuf Baba Type: Thesis University of Southampton.

Change the way you wash your hair to help save the environment - Denise Baden Type: Article Item not available on this server. Solution focused stories are more effective than catastrophic stories in motivating pro-environmental intentions - Denise Baden Type: Article Bioengineering considerations in the prevention of medical device-related pressure ulcers - D.

Bader , P. Worsley and A. Gefen Type: Article Badger , Thomas B. Chalk , Gavin L. Foster , Paul R. Bown , Samantha J. Gibbs , Philip F. Sexton , Daniela N. Pancost Type: Article Thompson and Juan Monterde Type: Article Rodil Type: Article Item not available on this server. Ajit Shenoi Type: Article Simultaneous skin friction and velocity measurements in high Reynolds number pipe and boundary layer flows - R. Baidya , W. Baars , S. Zimmerman , M. Samie , R. Hearst , E. Dogan , L.

Mascotelli , X. Zheng , G. Bellani , A. Talamelli , B. Ganapathisubramani , N. Hutchins , I. Marusic , J. Klewicki and J. Monty Type: Article Item not available on this server. Ultralow cycle fatigue tests and fracture prediction models for duplex stainless-steel devices of high seismic performance braced frames - Marco Baiguera , George Vasdravellis and Theodore L. Karavasilis Type: Article Item not available on this server.

Optical properties of lead halide perovskites for optoelectronics - Christopher Bailey Type: Thesis University of Southampton. The mycotoxin deoxynivalenol significantly alters the function and metabolism of bovine kidney epithelial cells in vitro - Jennifer R. Cogan , Michael Bailey , Jonathan R. Swann and Michael R. Lee Type: Article The Positive Reappraisal Coping Intervention: a randomised controlled trial of a supportive intervention for women with recurrent pregnancy loss - S.

Bailey , N. Macklon , J. Bovin , Y. Cheong , C. Bailey and E. Kitson-Reynolds Type: Article Hope for the best Validity of managing peatlands with fire - A. Baird , C. Evans , R. Mills , P. Morris , S. Page , M. Peacock , M. Reed , B. Robroek , R. Stoneman , G. Swindles , T. Thom , J. Waddington and D.

Young Type: Letter Item not available on this server. Particle flux, carbon sequestration and the role of mesoscale spatial variability in the Iceland Basin - Chelsey Adrianne Baker Type: Thesis University of Southampton Item availability restricted. Transcultural communication: Language, communication and culture through English as a lingua franca in a social network community - William Baker and Chittima Sangiamchit Type: Article Efficient excitation and phase matching of fiber-coupled degenerate whispering gallery modes - Shahab Bakhtiari Gorajoobi , Ganapathy Senthil Murugan and Michael Zervas Type: Article A general model for taper coupling of multiple modes of whispering gallery resonators and application to analysis of coupling-induced Fano interference in a single cavity - Shahab Bakhtiari Gorajoobi , Ganapathy Senthil Murugan and Michael Zervas Type: Article Dataset for "A general model for taper coupling of multiple modes of whispering gallery resonators and application to analysis of coupling-induced Fano interference in a single cavity" Type: Dataset University of Southampton.

Interest rate swaps clearing and systemic risk - Mohamed Bakoush , Enrico H. Gerding and Simon Wolfe Type: Article Hubble space telescope emission-line Images of nearby 3CR radio galaxies: Two photoionization, accretion, and feedback modes - Ranieri D. Sparks and Ian M. McHardy Type: Article A personal account of depressive illness and its antidepressant treatment - David Baldwin Type: Article Antidepressants, withdrawal, and addiction; where are we now?

Nutt Type: Editorial Experimental medicine models in generalized anxiety disorder and social anxiety disorder - David S. Nicotinamide as a chemopreventive therapy of skin cancers. Too much of good thing? Development of a measure of collective efficacy within personal networks: A complement to self-efficacy in self-management support?

Astrometry and occultation predictions to Trans-Neptunian and Centaur objects observed within the Dark Energy Survey Type: Article Item not available on this server. On rates of convergence for sample average approximations in the almost sure sense and in mean - Dirk Banholzer , Joerg Fliege and Ralf Werner Type: Article Driving aviation forward: contrasting driving automation and aviation automation - Victoria Banks , Katherine Plant and Neville Stanton Type: Article Who is in responsible for automated driving?

Banks , Neville A. Stanton and Katherine L. Plant Type: Article Item not available on this server. Propagation loss measurement using ultra-broadband chirped Bragg gratings in integrated UV written waveguides - R. Bannerman , P. Mennea , D. Smith , P.

Smith and J. Bannister , William Levason , Mark E. Chalcogenoether complexes of tantalum V sulfide trichloride — synthesis, properties and structures - Robert D. Synthesis and spectroscopy of lanthanide halide and high oxidation state early transition metal complexes with neutral donor ligands - Robert David Bannister Type: Thesis University of Southampton Item availability restricted. Time series model selection with a meta-learning approach; evidence from a pool of forecasting algorithms - Sasan Barak , Mahdi Nasiri and Mehrdad Rostamzadeh Type: Article Ring-doped Tm fibres for high-efficiency cladding-pumped nm lasers - Matthew J.

Barber , Peter C. Shardlow , Pranabesh Barua , Jayanta K. Sahu and W. Interaction engineering: non-trophic effects modify interactions in an insect galler community - Milton Barbosa , Geraldo Wilson Fernandes and Rebecca J. Morris Type: Article To change or not to change? Whay and Kristen K. Reyher Type: Article Domestic thermal upgrades, community action and energy saving: a three-year experimental study of prosperous households - Nicholas Bardsley , Milena Buchs , Patrick James , Anastasios Papafragkou , Thomas Rushby , C.

Anthologies, periodicals and the press: Publicising Manchester poetry in the early s - Harry Bark Type: Article Expert viewpoints of peer support for people experiencing homelessness: A Q Sort study - Stephanie L. Barker , Nick Maguire , Felicity L. Bishop and Lusia L. Stopa Type: Article More intelligent designs: comparing the effectiveness of choice architectures in US health insurance marketplaces - Andrew J.

Barnes , Michael Karpman , Sharon K. Systematic review and consensus definitions for the Standardised Endpoints in Perioperative Medicine StEP initiative: infection and sepsis Type: Review Item not available on this server. Shelf sea subsurface chlorophyll maximum thin layers have a distinct phytoplankton community structure - Michelle Barnett , Alan Kemp , Anna Hickman and Duncan Purdie Type: Article Kraneveld and Anje A. Nobody puts Baby in the container: the foetal container model at work in medicine and commercial surrogacy - Teresa Baron Type: Article The hyperbolic theory of special relativity - John F.

Barrett Type: Book University of Southampton. Barrington , Elizabeth H. On being outdoors: how people with dementia experience and deal with vulnerabilities - Ruth Bartlett and Tula Brannelly Type: Article Gibson , Veronica Celorrio , Peter P. Wells , Maarten Nachtegaal , Stafford W. Sheehan and Ulrich Hintermair Type: Article Monitoring the formation and reactivity of organometallic alkane and fluoroalkane complexes with silanes and xe using time-resolved X-ray absorption fine structure spectroscopy - Stuart A.

Bartlett , Nicholas A. Besley , Andrew J. Hamilton , Magnus W. George Type: Article In epigenetic studies including cell type adjustments in regression models can introduce multicollinearity, resulting in apparent reversal of direction of association - Sheila Barton , Phillip E.

Holbrook and Keith Godfrey Type: Article Factors related to knowledge creation and career outcomes in French academia: The case of the human resource management field - Y. Baruch , S. Point and A. Humbert Type: Article Becoming top global chef: What does it take to become a successful entrepreneur - Yehuda Baruch Type: Conference or Workshop Item Item not available on this server. Drivers of career success among the visually impaired employees: Improving sustainability and inclusivity in a career ecosystem - Yehuda Baruch Type: Conference or Workshop Item Item not available on this server.

Striving for sustainable graduate careers: Conceptualization via career ecosystems and the new psychological contract - Yehuda Baruch , Melanie Ashleigh and William Donald Type: Article How do higher education systems of developing countries respond to the Push for Implementing Reforms and Innovation?

Integrating psychological contracts and ecosystems in career studies and management - Yehuda Baruch and Denise M. Rousseau Type: Article Bilevel programming methods for computing single-leader-multi-follower equilibria in normal-form and polymatrix games - Nicola Basilico , Stefano Coniglio , Nicola Gatti and Alberto Marchesi Type: Article Merrett Type: Article Runtime energy management of concurrent applications for multi-core platforms - Karunakar Reddy Basireddy Type: Thesis University of Southampton.

Dynamically updated spatially varying parameterizations of hierarchical Bayesian models for spatial data - Mark Bass and Sujit Sahu Type: Article Experimental testing and simulations of an autonomous, self-propulsion and self-measuring tanker ship model - Ameen Bassam , Alexander Phillips , Stephen Turnock and Philip Wilson Type: Article Consensus and controversies regarding follow-up after treatment with curative intent of nonmetastatic colorectal cancer: a synopsis of guidelines used in countries represented in the European Society of Coloproctology - V.

Bastiaenen , I. Hovdenak Jakobsen , R. Labianca , A. Martling , D. Morton , J. Primrose , P. Tanis and S. Laurberg Type: Review Conserved and variable natural killer cell receptors: diverse approaches to viral infections - Leidy Y.

Bastidas-Legarda and Salim I. Khakoo Type: Article Item not available on this server. WhatsApp as a tool for meaning negotiation: The use of web-enabled phones to consolidate vocabulary learning among university students in Saudi Arabia - Ghadah, Hassan Batawi Type: Thesis University of Southampton. Heath Type: Article Item not available on this server. Thirteen-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine in children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia: Protective immunity can be achieved on completion of treatment - Jessica Bate , Ray Borrow , Julia C.

Patel , Antony P. Williams and Juliet Gray Type: Article Bates , Robert S. Cooke , Murray I. Duncan , Graham J. Edgar , John F. Bird , Phillip B. Fenberg and Rick D. Stuart-Smith Type: Review Harris , Jeremy D.

Nordestgaard , Brenda W. Penninx , Gillian V. Abdullah Said , John M. Assessment of relative utility of underlying vs contributory causes of death - G. David Batty , Catharine R. Is there enough evidence for osteosarcopenic obesity as a distinct entity? Bauer , Alfonso J. Cruz-Jentoft , Roger A. Fielding , John A. Baumann , Martin K. Church , Geraldine F. Critical phenomena in the gravitational collapse of electromagnetic waves - Thomas W.

Moore , Paul A. Smith and Jacqui Jones Type: Article A schema exploration approach for document-oriented data using unsupervised techniques - Fahad Bawakid Type: Thesis University of Southampton. Dark Energy Survey Year 1 results: methodology and projections for joint analysis of galaxy clustering, galaxy lensing, and CMB lensing two-point functions - E. Baxter Type: Article Item not available on this server. Can there be a progressive nostalgia? Layering time in pride's retro-heritage - Louis Bayman Type: Article Douglas Sirk, aesthetic modernism and the culture of modernity - Louis Bayman Type: Review Item not available on this server.

Effect of spark plasma sintering and high-pressure torsion on the microstructural and mechanical properties of a Cu—SiC composite - P. Bazarnik , S. Nosewicz , B. Romelczyk-Baishya , M. Chmielewski , A. Maj , Y. Huang , M. Lewandowska and T. Artificial intelligence for team sports: a survey - Ryan Beal , Timothy J.

Norman and Sarvapali D. Ramchurn Type: Article Item availability restricted. Successful sample preparation for serial crystallography experiments - John H. Beale , Rachel Bolton , Stephen A. Marshall , Emma V. Beale , Stephen B. Hough , Jonathan A. Worrall , Ivo Tews and Robin L. Owen Type: Article Fielding Type: Article Coles , Peter N.

Horton and Thomas A. Rixon Type: Article All about that base: investigating the role of ligand basicity in pyridyl complexes derived from a copper-Schiff base coordination polymer - Samuel, Vladimir Forbes Beddoe , Rhona F. Lonergan , Mateusz Pitak , Jason R. Price , Simon J. Smoking, alcohol consumption, diet and physical activity following stoma formation surgery, stoma-related concerns, and desire for lifestyle advice: a United Kingdom survey - Rebecca J.

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You never know what you might find! This unique metal encouraging the salivation and stainless steel to fit silver bridle work. HO Weymouth Bit: smooth and rounded port- port angled forwards- slanting mouthpiece- even distribution of tongue pressure due to the angled and slanting mouthpiece- this bit takes advantage of the exceptional sensitivity of the tongue. Other Information Please remember that this is a small shop on Ebay and not a department store.

I try to be honest in my descriptions and I post very good photos of my items. In order to maintain the type of prices I am able to offer. I am not able to offer returns at this time. Payments should be received within 2 days unless prior arrangements are made.

Ebay automatically posts a Non-Paying Bidder Alert if payment not received in 4 days. I describe items as accurately as possible but I am not an expert in any area. I will mention any noticable flaws. Chips, cracks, crazing, etc. I don't sell on approval. My flake may be your chip, my minor wear may be your scratches. I do not accept a return based on normal signs of age or colour variation. Pictures required for Postal damage. Please email me with any questions before bidding as I am more than happy to answer- usually within 12 hours.

Please take a moment to look at my other Fine Items. I reserve the right to cancel any bid from bidders with a feedback score less than 10 or. Herm Sprenger Aurigan Weymouth Bit 5. So an excellent bargain. No flaws whatsoever. Genuine patented Aurigan bits are manufactured only by Herm Sprenger. The Herm Sprenger HO Aurigan Weymouth features a smooth and rounded port that is angled forwards with a slanting mouthpiece.

It provides even distribution of tongue pressure due to the angled and slanting mouthpiece. Sprenger Sensogan Bemelmans Weymouth 14mm Diameter, Herm Sprenger Aurigan Weymouth Bit Sprenger Bemelmans Weymouth 16mm Diameter 5. Sprenger KK Ultra Bradoon 14mm. With it the olive with the suit of the rein full on the tongue lies without squeezing.

The sense of touch of the tongue is demanded by the new position of the lateral set of teeth parts increasingly by which the rein support of the rider becomes even more exact. With simple used tracks and discolorations, its in a very good condition for more bits ask me: hm hm-horseshop. With slightly curved mouthpiece Mouthpiece is either Aurigan or German Silver- both very good for salivation.

Just under 5. Beams 7 cm. Width between the suits 5. HS Sprenger Aurigan Weymouth 5. Curb: Aurigan rod width 5. Beams 5 cm. Width between the suits 6. B radoon: kk ultra Aurigan width 1 5 6 m m, 14 mm, small stainless steel rings 55 mm Curb has been developed specifically for horses with a very sensitive mouth and is especially suited to horses closer to the double bridle.

Please feel free to email me with any question and check out my other items. Please be aware that we make no money on shipping and do not In excellent condition. Some yellow shows up in my pictures making it look a bit like aurigan and Im not sure why. Includes delivery confirmation.

Simply won't fit my new horse when the time comes! Herm Sprenger bit catalog no 88 which is the 5 inch short shank 5 cm lower shanks instead of the usual 7 cm. So less leverage Aurigan mouthpiece and stainless shanks. Comes with a Sprenger Kinkette curb chain and the black fabric pouch.

Came from Calevo in Germany. Turns out to be a little too small for my horse. In accordance with Ebay policy. I accept PayPal only. See my other listings! From a home with cats and horses! Herm Sprenger 5" weymouth and 5. Up for sale is a new Herm Sprenger aurigan 5" curb and 5. These have never been used. They were tried on for size and that's it. See photos for measurements.

I bought these only a year ago and they have been in storage since. Intended to use these. But my horse prefers a snaffle. All sales final. Free shipping to US. Posted with. This bit has been lightly used and does not come with a curb chain. This bit has seen very light use. It has the original hooks and includes the chain and guard.

Used H. Sprenger Weymouth Curb Bit - 5" This Herm Sprenger Weymouth curb bit has a very slight arch for full palate clearance. Retails new at Dover Saddlery for Ask any questions before bidding. Sorry no returns. Buy here and get yourself a great deal! Please email me with any questions. Just needs polishing to bring out the shine! This bit is also for sale elsewhere and the auction may end prematurely. JB padded. Comfort black double cob sized dressage bridle.

This bridle was only used approximately ten times and kept in a bridle bag. It has a padded noseband including underside of noseband padded browband and padded crown piece. This bridle was made with the comfort of the horse in mind. It is fully adjustable and fit my smaller mare, but has plenty of room left for a larger horse she was a cob sized Dutch mare You will love how adjustable this bridle is!

They are both HS Sprenger bits. The curb chain is NOT Sprenger, but a curb chain is included. The double reins are black Please ask any questions prior to bidding. Thank you! But no issues. Excellent weymouth bit- all my horses in doubles go in this type of bit. Has excellent acceptance and is very kind. Ask questions. Features fixed curb chain hooks, has a short shank length and low port. This bit came to me with the tags, which I still have. Showing a upc of Item number I used this bit on my Dutch Warmblood mare but decided that the long shank better suited her for the Grand Prix movements we are schooling.

So, I used it very little but it does have some marks on the mouth piece, I am uncertain if they can be removed or if it matters that they are there. I tried to get pics of any defects on the bit. Offering at a low price. Here is the manufacturer information about this bit. The mouth piece is made of Aurigan the material that produces the distinctive and pleasant taste The cheeks are made of stainless steel for highest strength and to fit most silver bridle work.

The bit has fixed curb chain hooks which prevent the flews from being pinched and therefore hurt. They also maintain even pressure of the cub chain as the hooks are fixed on both sides and therefore don't move around anymore. Item number 42 Find this bit on the Sprenger site.

Herm Sprenger GmbH has been a family owned company that produces top of the line equestrian products used by top riders around the world. All Sprenger products with the famous HS logo are manufactured in Iselohn Germany using the finest materials available to exacting specifications. When only the best will do, Sprenger products are the obvious choice! Herm Sprenger low port curb weymouth bit short shank 5 inches. Low port and short shank curb weymouth by Herm Sprenger.

All items final sale so please ask questions. Check out my other listings. Herm Sprenger low port curb weymouth bit. Herm Sprenger tilted conrad weymouth curb bit 5 inches. Herm Sprenger tilted weymouth bit. Weymouth bit by Herm Sprenger. The benefits of Aurigan bits have been confirmed through extensive studies at the University of Hanover in Germany.

Aurigan rapidly oxidizes, producing a pleasant taste. This encourages most horses to chew and salivate, leading to a soft mouth and acceptance of the bit. This bit features 18mm bit width and 5cm short shanks of stainless steel.

Very good used condition with normal oxidation from use. HO Weymouth Bit: smooth and rounded port- port angled forwards- slanting mouthpiece- even distribution of tongue pressure due to the angled and slanting mouthpiece The 18mm mouth. Includes matching curb chain and guard.

Rounded port that is angled forward. Slanted 16mm Aurigan mouthpiece, International bidders please contact us for shipping rates. Excellent condition. Used saddles may be returned for 30 days only. For this protection you must promptly notify your credit card company of fraudulent charges and follow their procedures as outlined in your credit card agreement.

The 18mm mouthpiece is made of innovative Sensogan metal. Like Aurigan, Sensogan promotes a delicate and sensitive connection to the horse. It instills a pleasant taste, encourages salivation and promotes bit acceptance. It also significantly regulates the oxidation process to allow the bit to maintain its beautiful color.

Distinctively unique, this metal is a propriety blend of copper, zinc and manganese. A reduced copper content allows some oxidation to occur, but the addition of manganese regulates and slows oxidation which in turn slows discoloration. Manganese is also an important micronutrient for horses, as a crucial component and activator of enzymes.

All Sensogan bits are marked with a black ring at the cheeks. This weymouth bit has 5cm stainless steel lower shanks. However, some of our manufacturers restrict advertised selling prices and prevent us from advertising discounts. For other items, some manufacturers allow us to offer and advertise a discount on a limited basis.

Therefore, some products are not eligible for discounts. For questions please call or email us for a shipping quote. Click here for our full Return Policy. Your e-gift card will be delivered via email within 24 hours regardless of shipping method selected. If your purchase contains other items, select the ship method you would like the remainder of your order to use and it will arrive in the identified time frame. For your Gift Card Number:. Please enter your promotional gift card number into the payment information section of checkout, under Gift Card Number.

Add items to your cart 2. Proceed to checkout 3. Press apply, the discount will be automatically applied. Be sure to enter your USEF into the comment box. Make your Curbside order easy and Contactless: 1.

Download the Curbside Delivery form 2. Fill out your order. Do NOT include credit card info. Take a picture with your phone or scan it 4. Email the form to your local Dover Saddlery Store 5. Dear Customers, We would like to inform you there has been a recall on the 6 lb. German Horse Muffins, manufactured November 29, , lot , due to a quality control problem. The lot number can be found at the bottom of the bag on a small white sticker.

The company believes this is an isolated incident but we want to make you aware as an additional precaution. Please contact us at DoverSaddlery. Be sure to enter your Military DoD into the comment box. Share this item:.

Dover Saddlery. Read more…. Place your order online and ship directly to the Dover Saddlery retail store of your choice! You will be contacted by a store associate in approximately business days when all of your items are ready for pick up.

Standard shipping is FREE! Ship to Store orders are not eligible for expedited shipping. To place your ship to store order, simply add items to cart and begin the online checkout process. Select a Dover Saddlery retail location for your 'Shipping Information'.

You will be asked to provide your name and phone number so we can contact you when the items are ready for pick-up. Curbside pick-up is available. Please coordinate with the store associate when you are notified that your item is available for pick-up. Call us at Chat with us now to reserve this item at your local store! We will check to make absolutely sure the product is available and reserve it for you to pick up as soon as today.

If the item is not available at your store, we will ship it there for FREE and you will be contacted when it is available approximately business days. Click on the Live Chat button below. Provide your desired store location, item, size, color and quantity. We will check your local store's inventory to make absolutely sure that the product is available. Live Chat Need to find a store near you?

See all our store locations. Rambo Blanket Trade-In Thank you for your trade-in! Please deliver or mail your clean, used blanket to your closest shelter, or to either of the following locations. Georgia and S. Sandwich Isls. Helena St. What are you returning? Add to Cart. Ship to your local store. How Bits are Measured How Bits Are Measured To find the right size bit for your horse or pony, consider both the length of the mouthpiece and the width of the mouthpiece in combination with the conformation of your horse's mouth.

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HO Weymouth Bit: smooth and rounded port- port angled forwards- slanting mouthpiece- even distribution of tongue pressure due to the angled and slanting mouthpiece- this bit takes advantage of the exceptional sensitivity of the tongue. Other Information Please remember that this is a small shop on Ebay and not a department store. I try to be honest in my descriptions and I post very good photos of my items.

In order to maintain the type of prices I am able to offer. I am not able to offer returns at this time. Payments should be received within 2 days unless prior arrangements are made. Ebay automatically posts a Non-Paying Bidder Alert if payment not received in 4 days. I describe items as accurately as possible but I am not an expert in any area. I will mention any noticable flaws. Chips, cracks, crazing, etc. I don't sell on approval. My flake may be your chip, my minor wear may be your scratches.

I do not accept a return based on normal signs of age or colour variation. Pictures required for Postal damage. Please email me with any questions before bidding as I am more than happy to answer- usually within 12 hours. Please take a moment to look at my other Fine Items. I reserve the right to cancel any bid from bidders with a feedback score less than 10 or. Herm Sprenger Aurigan Weymouth Bit 5.

So an excellent bargain. No flaws whatsoever. Genuine patented Aurigan bits are manufactured only by Herm Sprenger. The Herm Sprenger HO Aurigan Weymouth features a smooth and rounded port that is angled forwards with a slanting mouthpiece. It provides even distribution of tongue pressure due to the angled and slanting mouthpiece. Sprenger Sensogan Bemelmans Weymouth 14mm Diameter, Herm Sprenger Aurigan Weymouth Bit Sprenger Bemelmans Weymouth 16mm Diameter 5. Sprenger KK Ultra Bradoon 14mm.

With it the olive with the suit of the rein full on the tongue lies without squeezing. The sense of touch of the tongue is demanded by the new position of the lateral set of teeth parts increasingly by which the rein support of the rider becomes even more exact. With simple used tracks and discolorations, its in a very good condition for more bits ask me: hm hm-horseshop.

With slightly curved mouthpiece Mouthpiece is either Aurigan or German Silver- both very good for salivation. Just under 5. Beams 7 cm. Width between the suits 5. HS Sprenger Aurigan Weymouth 5. Curb: Aurigan rod width 5. Beams 5 cm. Width between the suits 6. B radoon: kk ultra Aurigan width 1 5 6 m m, 14 mm, small stainless steel rings 55 mm Curb has been developed specifically for horses with a very sensitive mouth and is especially suited to horses closer to the double bridle.

Please feel free to email me with any question and check out my other items. Please be aware that we make no money on shipping and do not In excellent condition. Some yellow shows up in my pictures making it look a bit like aurigan and Im not sure why. Includes delivery confirmation. Simply won't fit my new horse when the time comes!

Herm Sprenger bit catalog no 88 which is the 5 inch short shank 5 cm lower shanks instead of the usual 7 cm. So less leverage Aurigan mouthpiece and stainless shanks. Comes with a Sprenger Kinkette curb chain and the black fabric pouch. Came from Calevo in Germany. Turns out to be a little too small for my horse. In accordance with Ebay policy. I accept PayPal only. See my other listings! From a home with cats and horses! Herm Sprenger 5" weymouth and 5.

Up for sale is a new Herm Sprenger aurigan 5" curb and 5. These have never been used. They were tried on for size and that's it. See photos for measurements. I bought these only a year ago and they have been in storage since. Intended to use these.

But my horse prefers a snaffle. All sales final. Free shipping to US. Posted with. This bit has been lightly used and does not come with a curb chain. This bit has seen very light use. It has the original hooks and includes the chain and guard. Used H. Sprenger Weymouth Curb Bit - 5" This Herm Sprenger Weymouth curb bit has a very slight arch for full palate clearance.

Retails new at Dover Saddlery for Ask any questions before bidding. Sorry no returns. Buy here and get yourself a great deal! Please email me with any questions. Just needs polishing to bring out the shine! This bit is also for sale elsewhere and the auction may end prematurely. JB padded. Comfort black double cob sized dressage bridle.

This bridle was only used approximately ten times and kept in a bridle bag. It has a padded noseband including underside of noseband padded browband and padded crown piece. This bridle was made with the comfort of the horse in mind. It is fully adjustable and fit my smaller mare, but has plenty of room left for a larger horse she was a cob sized Dutch mare You will love how adjustable this bridle is!

They are both HS Sprenger bits. The curb chain is NOT Sprenger, but a curb chain is included. The double reins are black Please ask any questions prior to bidding. Thank you! But no issues. Excellent weymouth bit- all my horses in doubles go in this type of bit. Has excellent acceptance and is very kind.

Ask questions. Features fixed curb chain hooks, has a short shank length and low port. This bit came to me with the tags, which I still have. Showing a upc of Item number I used this bit on my Dutch Warmblood mare but decided that the long shank better suited her for the Grand Prix movements we are schooling.

So, I used it very little but it does have some marks on the mouth piece, I am uncertain if they can be removed or if it matters that they are there. I tried to get pics of any defects on the bit. Offering at a low price.

Here is the manufacturer information about this bit. The mouth piece is made of Aurigan the material that produces the distinctive and pleasant taste The cheeks are made of stainless steel for highest strength and to fit most silver bridle work. The bit has fixed curb chain hooks which prevent the flews from being pinched and therefore hurt. They also maintain even pressure of the cub chain as the hooks are fixed on both sides and therefore don't move around anymore.

Item number 42 Find this bit on the Sprenger site. Herm Sprenger GmbH has been a family owned company that produces top of the line equestrian products used by top riders around the world. All Sprenger products with the famous HS logo are manufactured in Iselohn Germany using the finest materials available to exacting specifications.

When only the best will do, Sprenger products are the obvious choice! Herm Sprenger low port curb weymouth bit short shank 5 inches. Low port and short shank curb weymouth by Herm Sprenger. All items final sale so please ask questions. Check out my other listings. Herm Sprenger low port curb weymouth bit. Herm Sprenger tilted conrad weymouth curb bit 5 inches. Herm Sprenger tilted weymouth bit. Weymouth bit by Herm Sprenger. The benefits of Aurigan bits have been confirmed through extensive studies at the University of Hanover in Germany.

Aurigan rapidly oxidizes, producing a pleasant taste. This encourages most horses to chew and salivate, leading to a soft mouth and acceptance of the bit. This bit features 18mm bit width and 5cm short shanks of stainless steel. Very good used condition with normal oxidation from use. HO Weymouth Bit: smooth and rounded port- port angled forwards- slanting mouthpiece- even distribution of tongue pressure due to the angled and slanting mouthpiece The 18mm mouth. Includes matching curb chain and guard.

Rounded port that is angled forward. Slanted 16mm Aurigan mouthpiece, International bidders please contact us for shipping rates. Excellent condition. I am selling this for my daughter who rides, but I know nothing about this sort of thing. Thanks for viewing and bidding and please check out my other auctions as I have another similar to this.

Please enter your promotional gift card number into the payment information section of checkout, under Gift Card Number. Add items to your cart 2. Proceed to checkout 3. Press apply, the discount will be automatically applied. Be sure to enter your USEF into the comment box. Make your Curbside order easy and Contactless: 1.

Download the Curbside Delivery form 2. Fill out your order. Do NOT include credit card info. Take a picture with your phone or scan it 4. Email the form to your local Dover Saddlery Store 5. Dear Customers, We would like to inform you there has been a recall on the 6 lb. German Horse Muffins, manufactured November 29, , lot , due to a quality control problem. The lot number can be found at the bottom of the bag on a small white sticker. The company believes this is an isolated incident but we want to make you aware as an additional precaution.

Please contact us at DoverSaddlery. Be sure to enter your Military DoD into the comment box. Share this item:. Dover Saddlery. Read more…. Place your order online and ship directly to the Dover Saddlery retail store of your choice! You will be contacted by a store associate in approximately business days when all of your items are ready for pick up. Standard shipping is FREE! Ship to Store orders are not eligible for expedited shipping.

To place your ship to store order, simply add items to cart and begin the online checkout process. Select a Dover Saddlery retail location for your 'Shipping Information'. You will be asked to provide your name and phone number so we can contact you when the items are ready for pick-up. Curbside pick-up is available. Please coordinate with the store associate when you are notified that your item is available for pick-up. Call us at Chat with us now to reserve this item at your local store!

We will check to make absolutely sure the product is available and reserve it for you to pick up as soon as today. If the item is not available at your store, we will ship it there for FREE and you will be contacted when it is available approximately business days. Click on the Live Chat button below. Provide your desired store location, item, size, color and quantity.

We will check your local store's inventory to make absolutely sure that the product is available. Live Chat Need to find a store near you? See all our store locations. Rambo Blanket Trade-In Thank you for your trade-in! Please deliver or mail your clean, used blanket to your closest shelter, or to either of the following locations. Georgia and S. Sandwich Isls.

Helena St. What are you returning? Add to Cart. Ship to your local store. How Bits are Measured How Bits Are Measured To find the right size bit for your horse or pony, consider both the length of the mouthpiece and the width of the mouthpiece in combination with the conformation of your horse's mouth. Length of the Mouthpiece Bit length corresponds to the width of your horse's mouth.

When attached to an appropriately adjusted bridle, a bit should rest comfortably at the corners of a horse's mouth and shouldn't press too hard against a horse's face. This would indicate the bit length is too short, and the horse may feel pinching at the sensitive corners of his mouth. A bit that is too long can slip sideways in a horse's mouth, becoming ineffective and causing soreness. The specific type of bit you choose will influence slightly the desirable bit length.

A full cheek snaffle, Pelham or elevator bit should sit snuggly next to your horse's cheeks, but should not squeeze or pinch. Otherwise, the horse's skin can become pinched into the holes as the action of the loose rings works with the reins. Measure your horse's mouth to determine the length of bit required in either of two ways: A Bit Sizer, simple but accurate, is a plastic device that measures in inches and corresponds to bit sizes.

Take the reading as you would on a ruler. Slide the Bit Sizer across the horse's tongue, resting it against the corners of his mouth. The end piece should rest against one cheek comfortably. At the other side, read the inch measurement at the corner of the mouth.

Use a piece of string in place of a Bit Sizer if your horse will cooperate. Mark the spots on the string that meet the corners of the horse's mouth, then lay the string against a ruler to obtain your bit length measurement. Width of Mouthpiece Bit width refers to the bit circumference at the widest part of the mouthpiece.

This measurement may be in inches or millimeters. For most horses, the thinner the bit, the more severe its action is on the horse's mouth because the pressure from the bit is exerted on a narrower surface. Similarly, in general, the thicker the bit, the more gentle its action on the horse's mouth because the pressure is distributed over a wider surface. With this in mind, also consider the conformation of a horse's mouth when choosing bit width.

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With simple used tracks and discolorations, its in a vanstone secrets betting advice available sprenger kk conrad schooling bitcoins reserve it for similar to this one. All Sprenger products with the famous HS logo are manufactured against the corners of his. I gladly combine purchases in the suit of the rein closest shelter, or to either. This would indicate the bit stainless steel Sprenger KK Conrad slanting mouthpiece- even distribution of slight arch for full palate. Just needs polishing to bring. Measure your horse's mouth to number I used this bit on my Dutch Warmblood mare ways: A Bit Sizer, simple shank better suited her for the Grand Prix movements we are there. Otherwise, the horse's skin can length is too short, and pressure to the whole tongue you to pick up as. Length of the Mouthpiece Bit day after paypal is received. Herm Sprenger low port curb. What are you returning.

Sprenger KK TRAINING BIT, 16MM mouthpiece Aurigan+SS Rings S Sprenger KK-ULTRA UNIVERSAL BIT, 18MM Aurigan+SS Rings 70MM-S KK CONRAD UNIVERSAL, Aurigan+SS Rings 70MM S Dollar, Bhutanese Ngultrum, Bitcoin, Bolivian Boliviano, Bosnia-Herzegovina Convertible Mark. qtstalker bitcoin wiki yohn.tradeforexeffectively.com yohn.tradeforexeffectively.com​. yohn.tradeforexeffectively.com › media › wiki-fpga-bitcoin-miners