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The result showed that Community forest proved to be very useful both for the owner, the community and the environment as well as for the government especially in order to meet the timber supply for local. Until the year the community forest area that was developed by the government in South Kalimantan has reached 2, ha, and the most widely are the Tanah Laut district covering ha.

The wood species that developed is sengon, jati, mahoni, karet, petai, akasia, galam, kemiri. The properties of the wood need to be understood and known before the relevant timber used both as a building material or as raw material for the industry, because these properties are basically determining the quality of wood products that will be produced.

Land use changes and plantation crop development in selected provinces in Sumatra and Kalimantan. Most institutions stated that biofuel will not qualify the standard of GHG emission reduction if it was produced in the plantation associated with the forest conversion. Therefore, knowing previous land use before the development of plantation is very important.

In Indonesia, plantation development occurs mainly in Sumatra and Kalimantan. A number of studies had been published showing historical LUCC before plantation development. The analysis and comparison was based on the different source of historical data including online spatial data sources and various studies published in various journals. Each data source of LUCC shows significant variation on the amount of plantation developed directly from forest and other land use types.

But, our review showed that the plantation areas associated with the forest cover changes far less than those claimed by several international journals. But, the debate concerning which plantation developments indirectly contributed to LUCC and which are directly will probably continue until the information on the land ownership and history of plantation development is available publicly.

NPP may be regarded as one viable option to overcome the problem. In case of fresh water availability, the supply is also less than the demand. Therefore, a serious effort is necessary. Nuclear desalination, which is a process of separating dissolved salts of seawater or brackish water, can be coupled to the NPP to produce fresh water. There are some desalination technology commonly used in the world i. This paper shows the study result of selection for desalination technology to obtain the optimum solution.

The selection is done based on the thirteen important parameters, which are estimated to affect on determine technology option on the nuclear desalination with a weighing factor with ranges from 1 to 4. The most favourable technology is that with the highest point. Since the water quality requirement to supply NPP is about 1 ppm and to supply public demand is below ppm, so a hybrid system of MED-RO is optimum option to produce fresh water. There are many locations for traditional gold mining in Indonesia.

Mining activities involving the application of traditional gold processing technology have a high potential to pollute the environment, especially surface water. Therefore, this study aims to determine the impact of gold mining and processing on surface water quality around the mine site.

Based on the results of field surveys and laboratory analysis, our dat Full Text Available This research analyzes the competitive advantage in order to enhance the marketing performance of oil palm plantation companies in West Kalimantan Province , which aims to: 1 find out the implementation of competitive advantage of the oil palm plantation companies in West Kalimantan Province , 2 find out the achievement of marketing performance of the oil palm plantation companies in West Kalimantan Province , and 3 find out the influence of competitive advantage on the marketing performance of the oil palm plantation companies in West Kalimantan Province.

This is a descriptive and verification research that uses a descriptive and explanatory survey on the analysis unit of oil palm plantation companies in West Kalimantan Province. The period of research implementation of two 2 years, divided into two stages; First Stage and Second Stage The data are collected using questionnaires as well as interviews and observations.

The collected data are further processed using path analysis. The results of the First Stage research find that only few of the oil palm plantation companies in West Kalimantan Province are able to achieve the marketing performance in high category or above their expected target. This is presumed to be related to the weak competitiveness or competitive advantage of the companies as found in the results of descriptive analysis of this research. In order to understand more of such relatedness, it is necessary to conduct further research of the Second Stage focusing on investigating the influence of competitive advantage on the marketing performance of oil palm plantation companies in West Kalimantan Province.

Full Text Available his study aims to know the factors influencing the retardation in procurement of construction materials on Sepaku-Petung pavement improvement project in East Kalimantan Province ;to know the most dominant factor affecting the retardation in procurement of construction materials on Sepaku-Petung pavement improvement project in East Kalimantan Province ; to determine what strategies that minimize the waiting time of materials in the improvement of Sepaku-Petung pavement project in East Kalimantan Province.

This study used quantitative research method. The data was collected through interview, questionnaire distribution, and discussion forum. Based on the results of research and data analysis conducted, it can be concluded thatsuppliers, contractors, field conditions, and unpredictable conditionswere affecting the retardation in procurement of materials in the pavement improvement project in East Kalimantan.

Field condition was the most dominant factors in the realization of Sepaku-Petung pavement improvement project in East Kalimantan province. Type B Retarding Admixtures could be added to retard the time-binding of the concrete setting time, therefore minimizing material procurement waiting time. The contractor should also build his own supplier close to the project site to reduce the distance between the concrete supplier location and the project site.

Research methods combined mixed methods with a combination of research model Sequential Exploratory Design qualitative approach to support quantitative and centered on quantitative Sugiono case control design. The number of qualitative sample was 16 respondents to interviews and 48 respondents for FGD. The number of quantitative research sample was consisted of 62 cases and controls. Qualitative sampling by purposive sampling and quantitative Multi-stage Cluster random sampling on 3 stages.

The results showed a positive effect on the socio-cultural environment and significantly associated with the incidence of Tuberculosis Children. While the physical environment of the house positively and significantly with biological environments and the incidence of Tuberculosis Children and immunization and nutrition status of children positively and significantly to the incidence of Tuberculosis of the Child as well as to the biological environment positive and significant effect on the incidence of TB Children.

The results of all the R-square value indicates that all of the R-square values 0. New findings from research of this dissertation are 1. Research Variable of social networks social support and collective efficacy were associated with the incidence of Tuberculosis Children. Full Text Available There are many locations for traditional gold mining in Indonesia.

Based on the results of field surveys and laboratory analysis, our data shows that the concentration of mercury Hg and Cyanide CN has reached 0. These values exceed the drinking water quality standards of Indonesia and WHO. Many people who live in the mining area use surface water for daily purposes including drinking, cooking, bathing and washing.

This scenario is very dangerous because the effect of surface water contamination on human health cannot be immediately recognized or diagnosed. In our opinion the dissemination of knowledge regarding the treatment of gold mining wastewater is urgently required so that the quality of wastewater can be improved before it is discharged into the environment.

This study is aimed to get potential sites along the coastal area of Ketapang and Kayong Utara based on weighting of criteria and spatial modeling and GIS. Determination of potential site is done based on following criteria: slope, lithology, geology, topography, rainfall, hazard vulnerability, proximity to water bodies, distance of residential areas, land use, peat existence, hydrogeology, etc.

Based on weighting and scoring, the study identified 4 potential sites on the coastal area of Kendawangan, Sukadana, Matan Hilir Utara and Matan Hilir Selatan. People and forests in East Kalimantan. Investigators found that farmers vary in their reason for practicing shifting cultivation of logging and agriculture, in their intensity of farming, and in the amount of damage they caused forests in their practices. Objectives of this study were to determine the proporsion of P.

This study is conductedin Central Kalimantan and South Kalimantan in Samples were microscopically positive malaria cases obtained by surveys and passive case findings. Patients were also examined clinically and interviewed to investigate the history of infections. The results showed that among the samples examined, three samples 1. All of the three cases were infected locally, which consist of two in Central Kalimantan and one in South Kalimantan.

The cases in Central Kalimantan were the first finding of Plasmodium knowlesi malaria cases in the province. Clinical symptoms in two cases were mild but in another case was rather severe. Morphology of P. Further research is needed in order to find other spreading area of P. Keywords : Plasmodium knowlesi, human, clinical symptoms, morphology, Central Kalimantan. AbstrakSampai tahun , empat kasus malaria Plamodium knowlesi pada manusia yang penularannya di sekitar hutan telah ditemukan di Kalimantan Selatan.

Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui besarnya proporsi P. Penelitian ini dilakukan di Kalimantan Tengah dan Kalimantan Selatan pada tahun Sampel adalah kasus malaria positif mikroskopis yang diperoleh melalui survei dan penemuan kasus secara pasif. Serapan darah pada kertas saring atau kerokan sediaan apus darah tebal diperiksa dengan. The research looks for the importance of riverine settlement preservation as one of the efforts to carry out sustainable management of a traditional settlement.

East Kalimantan , more specifically riverine settlement in Mentaya River is known as one of the traditional settlements that put river as the central of their livelihood activities. The theory of Rapopport [1] was used to investigate the importance of cultural aspect influence to the settlement process, and to seek for the behavioural and environment relationship in determining the pattern of adaptation process. Mix method approach was conducted by utilizing in depth interviews among 40 respondents within three districts, namely in Baamang, Mentaya Seberang and Mentawa Baru Ketapang subdistrict.

The result shows that culture dominantly affect the process of settlement adaptation, especially the aspect of family structure, social network, and kinship. The adaptation pattern is influenced significantly by physical environment, type of physical condition of the houses, economic condition and the degree of heritage preservation motive. It sums up that adaptation process could be effective if the integration of culture, activities and government regulations is performed.

Full Text Available Batu Ampar mangrove is an important bird habitat especially for birds which have relation to mangrove ecosystem in West Kalimantan. The research was conducted in February to March , at mangrove Batu Ampar demo site. Sampling was done to get representative area for bird survey. The 19 transects were chosen as sampling site to collect bird data such as species and number of individual.

Bird surveys were carried out using Reconnaissance method and index point of abundance IPA count method. The length of each transect was approximately m. The abundance numbers of the individual with the bird's species has relation pattern like J opposite.

Based on dendrogram analysis there were 5 cluster birds species. The mangrove bird specialists found at sampling area were mangrove blue flycatcher and Cooper throated sunbird. Benefits and costs of oil palm expansion in Central Kalimantan , Indonesia, under different policy scenarios.

Deforestation and oil palm expansion in Central Kalimantan province are among the highest in Indonesia. This study examines the physical and monetary impacts of oil palm expansion in Central Kalimantan up to under three policy scenarios. Our modelling approach combines a spatial logistic. Flood is one of the most frequent disasters in Indonesia. These conditions cause the necessary efforts to reduce the impact of these hazards.

To reduce the impact of these hazards is to understand spatially the impact of previous disasters. Participatory mapping is one of the solutions to be able to assist in reducing the impact of flood disaster by conducting flood zoning so it can be known the range of the flood.

The community plays an important role in participatory mapping because the experiences and mental maps of the community are the main sources of information used. North Kalimantan Province has a very large watershed area that is in Kayan watershed, there are several villages, one of them is Long Beluah Village. Kayan watershed has a flood problem annually that affects most of the areas including the Long Beluah Village.

This study aims to map the zoning of floods in the village of Long Beluah in a participatory manner using remote sensing World View-2 data within community, so that people also understand the conditions they face. The method for achieving that goal is participatory mapping which means community involvement as well as the ability of community mental maps that will make an important contribution in this research. The results of this study show that flood zoning can be mapped based on experience and community mental maps that the greatest floods in February inundated most of the community settlements in Long Beluah Village.

There are few places from the uninhabited areas of settlements and serve as refugee camps. The participatory zonation map of the participatory floods is quite appropriate with the situation at the time of the greatest flood that hit the village of Long Beluah, so that through the map can be drawn up plans to reduce the impact of such disasters such as evacuation routes and a more strategic refuge point.

Study on Kalimantan uranium province : The assessment on uranium mineralization of metamorphic and granitic rocks at Schwaner mountains. A part of the occurrences on metamorphic rocks at Kalan basin has been evaluated and be developed onto follow-up step of prospecting by construction of some drilling holes and an exploration adit. In order to increase the national uranium resources, it is necessarily to extent the exploration activity to out side or nearby of Kalan basin.

The goal of this assessment is to understand the uranium accumulation mechanism at Pinoh metamorphic rocks of Kalan Kalimantan and to delineate areas that uranium may exist. The assessment was based on the aspect of geology, anomaly of radioactivity and uranium contents, tectonics and alterations. Pinoh metamorphic rocks which is influenced by Sukadana granite intrusion are the high potential rocks for the uranium accumulation, because the intrusion contains a relatively high of U, Th, Cu, Zn, Nb, Mn, and W.

The potential rock distributions are in between G. Ransa granite intrusion at the east and Kotabaru granite intrusions at the west. The mineralizations are categorized as vein type deposits of granitic association. From the results of research using legal and sociological research methods can be concluded : 1. Normative reality of the setting and implementation of the legal protection of migrant workers and migrant workers from West Kalimantan province in Indonesia origin troubled working in Malaysia in principle has been made are optimal by the Government thr This isdue to the similaritybetween Wujudiyah Sufism with the concept of Irfan in Shi'a.

The problem was mainly caused by conversion of mangrove into aquaculture, agriculture, plantation industrial, and residential areas. This research was a study case, used descriptive analysis to describe the local fishermen activity using belat traditional device to catch fish. The results revealed that there were many fishermen still did not know the benefits of mangrove for economy growth, ecological, ecotourism etc. This condition affects to the decline of the mangrove function. Fisherman who used belat often move from one location to another location in order to find places that have many catches.

The belat which are placed in good environment mangrove areas produces lots of catches that greatly benefit the fisherman, therefore mangrove ecosystem must be well preserved for the sustainability of fishermen's efforts to earn a living.

Full Text Available As the windows of information, communication facilitator role in Government Public Relation GPR serve as all-in-and-out of information from or to publics. This research intends to knowing communication facilitator role to provide information to people and otherwise. This research uses qualitative approach with descriptive case study method, the data collection through observation and depth interview with informants purposively selection.

The research result showing the communication facilitator role in GPR Bureau is not optimal, caused by unavailable information who can be accessed by the public or the otherwise. Government Information which should can be accessed at government official website or at the social media not be optimized by the GPR Bureau well as the Main Information Management and Documentation Officer IMDO whose role is held by the GPR Bureau of the information that should be accessible through the website, is not available.

This contrasts with some Local Work Unit function only a Subsidiary IMDO, but they were ready to provide information to the public through a website managed. Seasonal forecasting of fire over Kalimantan , Indonesia. Spessa, A. Large-scale fires occur frequently across Indonesia, particularly in the southern region of Kalimantan and eastern Sumatra.

They have considerable impacts on carbon emissions, haze production, biodiversity, health, and economic activities. In this study, we demonstrate that severe fire and haze events in Indonesia can generally be predicted months in advance using predictions of seasonal rainfall from the ECMWF System 4 coupled ocean-atmosphere model.

Based on analyses of long, up-to-date series observations on burnt area, rainfall, and tree cover, we demonstrate that fire activity is negatively correlated with rainfall and is positively associated with deforestation in Indonesia. There is a contrast between the southern region of Kalimantan high fire activity, high tree cover loss, and strong non-linear correlation between observed rainfall and fire and the central region of Kalimantan low fire activity, low tree cover loss, and weak, non-linear correlation between observed rainfall and fire.

Overall, our findings point to a high potential for using a more physical-based method for predicting fires with several months lead time in the tropics rather than one based on indexes only. We argue that seasonal precipitation forecasts should be central to Indonesia's evolving fire management policy. Untuk mengetahui seberapa besar ketimpangan pendapatan digunakan Indeks Williamson dan Indeks Entropi Theil,.

Berdasarkan indeks Wiliamson menunjukkan bahwa selama tahun sampai dengan terdapat ketimpangan pembanguan antar kabupaten di Kalimantan Timur sebesar 0. Sedangkan dari hitungan Entropi Theil menunjukkan bahwa rata-rata selama tahun sampai dengan terdapat ketimpangan pendapatan sebesar Setelah dilakukan analisis Kuznets menunjukkan bahwa di Kalimantan Timur selama tahun sampai dengan berlaku hukum Kuznets.

This study aims to find out the development and income inequality inter regency in East Kalimantan and prove whether the inverted U hypothesis applied in the East Kalimantan. To find out how much income inequality, the writer used Williamson and Theil's Entropy Index. Based on Williamson index, it indicates that there is income inequality inter regency in East Kalimantan during to , at 0.

Whereas Entropy Theil calculation shows that on average during to , there was income inequality by Meanwhile, Kuznets analysis shows that Kuznets law applied in East Kalimantan during to Orchids inventory in Sintang Regency, West Kalimantan. Full Text Available Orchid is one of ornamental plants which have commercial value. Therefore most species are becoming threatened or even endangered because of over exploitation.

In addition, its natural habitat is also decreasing. Conservation must be done urgently, both by in situ and ex situ conservation, which can be started by orchid inventory. The result showed that there were 40 species belonged to 27 genera, which 32 species of them 20 genera were epiphytic orchids and 8 species 7 genera were terrestrial orchids.

Kondisi pemilikan aset sumberdaya yang bervariasi antar kecamatan di Kabupaten Nunukan menyebabkan variasi kondisi kemiskinan di wilayah ini. Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah metode survai dengan pengumpulan data berupa observasi lapangan, wawancara mendalam, dan diskusi kelompok terfokus. Pengolahan dan analisis data dilakukan secara deskriptif kualitatif. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa kondisi kemiskinan di Kabupaten Nunukan bervariasi antar kecamatan.

Kondisi ini disebabkan oleh bervariasinya pemilikan aset sumberdaya antar kecamatan. Penelitian ini juga menemukan bahwa terdapat dua pola pengentasan kemiskinan yang komprehensif di Kabupaten Nunukan. Pola pengentasan kemiskinan yang dimaksud adalah pola pengentasan kemskinan untuk kelompok anak-anak berupa pendidikan ekstra kurikuler ekonomi kreatif produktif dan pola pengentasan kemiskinan untuk kelompok dewasa adalah program pelatihan, bantuan modal, pendampingan, monitoring, dan pemasaran hasil melalui wadah Usaha Mikro, Kecil, dan Menengah UMKM.

The variation of resources ownership among districts inside Nunukan Regency causing different poverty level in this region. This study aims to determine the poverty condition in Nunukan Regency and to formulate a comprehensive poverty reduction program in this regency. The method used in this study is based on survey method, consists of data collection from field observations, in-depth interviews, and focus group discussions. Data processing and analysis were analyzed using descriptive-qualitative analysis.

The results showed that there. This research aims at comprehending the role of ulama in developing Banjar society of South Kalimantan. The author concludes that ulama plays traditional role, provided that they live in modern era.

Without considering the typology, ulama has brought the Banjarese society into unity. They have also taken important role in keeping up stability, harmony and diversity from various perspectives, interest, and social groups of Banjarese. It is also revealed that demographic and socio-cultural factors are not closely related with the role of ulama, except that of religiosity.

In Banjarese society, ulama is regarded as having high esteem position, due to their knowledge, good character, piety, and their concrete role in social development. In addition, due to their religiosity, their opinions on such fields as social transformation, modernization and development in South Kalimantan are positively responded. Full Text Available Most of the general public of service users have not understood the value of construction consultancy services.

This inhibits market opportunities in the private sector for construction consulting services particularly in South Kalimantan. The objective of the research is to create an appropriate marketing strategy for corporation construction consultancy services in South Kalimantan. This research is done by giving questionnaire to the service users and construction consulting firms in South Kalimantan.

The result of the research are, a model of the marketing strategy of the construction consulting service, Strength-Opportunity strategy, grow and build strategy, service pricing strategy, and a basic strategy. This is a collaboration between the marketing-mix and service quality. Full Text Available These days, many researches on traditional architecture of South Kalimantan focus merely on traditional settlements and houses. Particularly, the research on places of worship has been conducted in small numbers, and it is sometimes never publicized, especially in scientific magazine or journal.

Meanwhile, the construction of some new mosques in South Kalimantan has no longer concerned the local architecture. Traditional Banjarese Tribe is known as an islamic tribe. They used to be called Dayak Tribe since they had faith in traditional religions such as animism and dynamism. As Muslim people, they perform their prayers in a place of worship called mesigid mosque. The research applies the method of case study.

From the analyses, it can be concluded that the traditional mosques of South Kalimantan have three kinds of room, which are palataran, praying area, and mihrab a chamber indicating the direction of Mecca. Palataran is the porch or the terrace surrounding the mosque, while the praying area and mihrab are rectangular. Traditional mosques in South Kalimantan have their own entity which is formed by the plan of praying area and mihrab, as well as their three layered-roof.

The roof in these mosques has a sharp angle 60o and an acute angle 20o. Both symbols are the symbols of identity and mythology of Dayak Tribe. Full Text Available Morphologically, Singkawang and adjacent area consist of zones beaches, undulating hills, and steep hills. Granitic rocks and alluvium as a based rock of Singkawang coasts.

Generally, Singkawang coasts was developed for coastal farms, fishery pond, and beach resorts, where most of these area have been eroded. Geological and physical oceanography condition are the aspects that build the characteristics of Singkawang coast. Human activities also play an important role in managing the equilibrium and dynamics of this coastal region. This research is to determine the dynamics and coastline changes of Singkawang coasts based on the characteristics of the coastal element and sediment.

The Cape Bajau - Cape Banjar is relatively stable due to headlands of this coast is characterized by igneous rocks which resistant to the erosion. Modern shorelines of the Singkawang coast might be as a shallow marine environment which were occurred thousands years ago pre-Recent. The high of sedimentation process is generated by global sea level change, where was occurred at that time, and might be changed the area become part of the mainland coast of Singkawang.

Keywords: coastal dynamics, erosion, sedimentation, Singkawang, West Kalimantan. Full Text Available This essay tries to analyze about participatory communication, especially those currently practiced in coal mining communities in Samarinda, East Kalimantan Province , Indonesia.

In addition, specific practices to facilitate participatory communication are identified and discussed. This essay is based on the author's research on environmental conflicts in coal mining areas. The conclusion of this essay is that community participatory communication in coal mining industry area is still at a pseudo participatory stage.

Cryptocoryne aura Araceae , a new species from West Kalimantan , Indonesia. It differs from other Cryptocoryne species primarily by having a transparent, ciliate membrane along the leaf margin and a short spathe with a yellow, forward-twisted limb. It has Full Text Available Drwan upon three filters of political econmic analysis of mass media, namely concentrated ownership, advertising and the dynamism of audience, this article uncover a local press in Kalimantan. For the sake gaining maximal profit they fail to perform as watch dog and safeguarding moral idealism.

There are various Malay communities in West Kalimantan , which can be divided into two broad categories: 1 Malay migrants from outside Kalimantan West Kalimantan or contemporary Malays and 2 local Malays or native Malays who are considered as indigenous Malays. This paper aims to reconstruct the dynamics of Malay cult As consequences, pregnant mother, lactating mother and children do not eat the taboo foods so that it can reduce their food intake and finally it can decrease their nutritional status.

The objectives of this study are 1 to identify taboo foods, 2 to identify reasons of taboo food and 3 to improve basic nutrition knowledge through training on food and nutrition. A sample of size 36 households was drawn randomly from household population of size The households population is household farmer who are beneficiary of Special Program for Food Security, Food and Agriculture Organization.

Data were analyzed quantitatively and qualitatively and presented in one way table. Results show that groups which had many food taboo were pregnant woman group and lactating mother group. There are 7 taboo foods for pregnant woman and 11 taboo foods for lactating mother. Some taboo foods for pregnant women are ice, twin banana, young coconut, coconut water, young pineapple and fish.

Some taboo foods for lactating mother are egg, fresh fish, fish, sugar, salt, jackfruit, fat food, hot food, etc. Keywords: taboo food, food intake, nutrition knowledge. Prospect development of local beef cattle from South Kalimantan as supporting to food sovereignty in Indonesia.

Indonesian local cattle is one of cattle the largest contributed the national meat production of ruminant particular group of cattle so that the livestock has the potential to be developed as a profitable business if doing of farmer. One of advantages is potential areas in South Kalimantan mainly swamp lands was very large. Full Text Available The public transportation system along the Kapuas River, Central Kalimantan are highly depend on water transportation. Natural condition gives high distribution to the smoothness of the vessel traffic along the Kapuas Murung River.

The local government has planned to build specific port for stock pile at the Batanjung which would face with natural phenomena of sedimentation and erosion at a river mouth. Erosion and sedimentation could be predicted not only by field observing but it is also needed hypotheses using software analysis.

Hydrodynamics and transport sediment models by Mike 21 HDFM-MT software will be applied to describe the position of sedimentations and erosions at a river mouth. Model is assumed by two different river conditions, wet and dry seasons. Based on two types of conditions the model would also describe the river flow and sediment transport at spring and neap periods.

Tidal fluctuations and a river current as field observation data would be verified with the result of model simulations. Based on field observation and simulation results could be known the verification of tidal has an Moreover, based on the simulation the sediment patterns in flood period have a larger area than ebb period.

Furthermore, the erosion patterns dominantly occur during wet and dry season within ebb period. Water depths and sediment patterns should be considered by the vessels that will use the navigation channel at a river mouth. Full Text Available This paper presents a historical overview of the dynamics of inter-religious relations in South Kalimantan. Early conversion to Islam in the 16th century, and more intensive Islamization by the 18th century, can be seen as the formative period of Islam in this region.

The encounter and clash between the new religion and the existing beliefs and practices were unavoidable. By the late 19th century, the clash seems to move to another target, namely the colonial power associated with Christianity.

By this period, Islam was transformed from the court into a people movement against the colonial power. By the first half of the 20th century, the problem of the 18th century apparently reappeared but in another form, namely the clash between puritan and traditional Islam. The making of the Indonesian nation state by the second half of the 20th century pushed the Banjarese Muslims to be involved in the ideological debates, and even in a rebellion against the state.

During the Soeharto period, Muslim-Christian tensions at the national politics also influenced this region. Finally, in the Reformation Era, the Muslims in the province face serious challenges of intra- and inter-religious plurality. Kalimantan field development hikes gas supply for LNG export. This paper reports on the development of Tambora and Tunu gas fields in Kalimantan that have increased available gas supply for the export of liquefied natural gas LNG from Indonesia.

And Indonesia, the world's largest exporter, is keeping pace by expanding the Bontang liquefaction plant in East Kalimantan. A fifth train, with a capacity of around 2. Start-up of a sixth train, of identical capacity, is planned for January The feed to the fifth train comes primarily from the first-phase development of Total Indonesie's two gas fields, Tambora and Tunu.

The sixth train will be fed by a second-phase development of the Tunu field. In pre survey activity of NPP site candidate, environmental aspect is a part of non safety aspect, but the existence as an important area is needed to consider. Purpose of study is to identify fauna and flora biodiversity in Berau Kalalimantn Timur to complete the data base of environmental aspect at survey activity of NPP site candidate The method used is to conduct an inventory and identification of flora-fauna through secondary data collection, making zoning area based on the type of endangered species, and analyze and evaluate the suitability.

Activity is done at June - June The results showed that there were various species of flora and fauna that are categorized protected under Law Decree no. However, some areas such as Tanjung Pandan, Tanjung Bohe northern, southern of Tanjung Ulingan, District Derawan Island, and Batu Putih Talisayan District, and Teluk Sulaiman, Biduk-Biduk District need further study and consideration for zoning interest in nuclear power plants because they meet the existing criteria.

The purpose of this study was to formulate development strategy of TNS ecotourism. Data processing method was done performed by descriptive analysis quantitative and qualitative , Exponential Comparative Method determined the prospective ecotourism products and Importance-Performance Analysis IPA used to identify ecotourism object readiness.

Priority of aspects, problems, solutio The plans for developing the west Kalimantan border regions have been compiled since , however, most of them have not emerged into a realization. It is caused due to a requirement of huge amount of finance and limited availability of the finance source. The determination of a priority of region development is using variables connected with the development of West Kalimantan Region, which are variables of social, economy, and physic.

The result of this research shows that facilities and infrastructure become a significant priority to develop the region borders of West Kalimantan. Full Text Available As part of the regions that share lands and boundaries, Sarawak-Malaysia and Kalimantan Barat-Indonesia have respective characteristics in the borderlands treatment. This paper aims to explore and compare the border areas between two nations, ranging from the borderlands profiles, tourism development and planning, and their opportunities.

Besides, this paper also wants to highlight tourism development as one of the strategies. This paper uses documentary research to seek 'text and context' by narratively describing and compiling the documents. From the discussion, it can be seen that both regions have different characteristics of conditions and problems. For tourism development, different approaches are also 'colored' with timing, momentum, and priorities; as influenced and supported by the national plans.

Tourism in the borderlands is the impetus in which each regions has already been aware of this potential because of the traction of informal flow, accessibility, supply, and demand. Furthermore, we argue that if tourism has exist at the first place, in the future, by its backward linkages, it will encourage more physical and economic development and cooperation between nations.

That way, the benefits instead of the forests, but also the empowerment of forest communities. Full Text Available This research aims to describe the use of language code applied by the participants and to find out the factors influencing the choice of language codes. This research is qualitative research that describe the use of language code in the cross married couples.

The data are taken from the discourses about language code phenomena dealing with the cross- married couples, Banjarese- Javanese ethnics in Tanah Laut regency South Kalimantan , Indonesia. There are 23 data observed and recoded by the researcher based on a certain criteria. Tanah Laut regency is chosen as a purposive sample where this regency has many different ethnics so that they do cross cultural marriage for example between Banjarese- Javanese ethnics.

Findings reveal that mostly the cross married couple used code mixing and code switching in their conversation of daily activities. Code mixing is uttered by Javanese father or mother to their children. Meanwhile, code switching occurs when there is another factor or a new participant who join in the discourse.

The influential factors are situational factors, the environment neighborhood, relative status, and ethnicity. The figure can be even lower when we take the peat thickness of the area into account. Our analysis shows that the current level of carbon price can provide adequate compensation for Indonesia A few years ago, the Indonesian government and sections of the palm oil industry united in the Indonesian Palm Oil Commission IPOC to undertake efforts to restore the atrocious public image that the palm oil industry had earned abroad for its role in the demise of Indonesia's tropical rainforests, the massive forest fires and haze in , and for the widespread conflicts between plantation companies and local communities.

If IPOC succeeded in restoring the palm oil industry's image abroad, it was shattered again after June when the Indonesian Minister of Agriculture revealed details of a government plan to develop the world's largest oil palm plantation in a kilometer band along the border of Kalimantan and Malaysia.

The oil palm mega-project, launched in Indonesia under the banner of 'bringing prosperity, security and environmental protection to the Kalimantan border area', turned sour when a business plan developed by the Indonesian State Plantation Corporation PTPN began to circulate.

This document contained a map that showed beyond doubt how the 1. This report describes what has come of the Kalimantan border oil palm mega-plan since it was announced, who is involved and what research, lobby and campaigning has led to so far. In particular, this study aims to inform civil. In particular, this study aims to inform civil society organizations, palm oil. The purpose of this paper is to investigate and analyze the control in the sale of home loans in East Kalimantan branch Perumnas.

In accordance with the purposes of this study the main issues pointed out "Is the internal control of credit sales Perumnas East Kalimantan branch has been carried out effectively. The analytical tool used i Tracing the depositional history of Kalimantan diamonds by zircon provenance and diamond morphology studies.

Diamonds in alluvial deposits in Southeast Asia are not accompanied by indicator minerals suggesting primary kimberlite or lamproite sources. The Meratus Mountains in Southeast Borneo Province Kalimantan Selatan, Indonesia provide the largest known deposit of these so-called "headless" diamond deposits. Proposals for the origin of Kalimantan diamonds include the adjacent Meratus ophiolite complex, ultra-high pressure UHP metamorphic terranes, obducted subcontinental lithospheric mantle and undiscovered kimberlite-type sources.

Here we report results from detailed sediment provenance analysis of diamond-bearing Quaternary river channel material and from representative outcrops of the oldest known formations within the Alino Group, including the diamond-bearing Campanian-Maastrichtian Manunggul Formation. Optical examination of surfaces of diamonds collected from artisanal miners in the Meratus area stones and in West Borneo Sanggau Area, Province Kalimantan Barat; 85 stones points toward a classical kimberlite-type source for the majority of these diamonds.

Some of the diamonds host mineral inclusions suitable for deep single-crystal X-ray diffraction investigation. We determined the depth of formation of two olivines, one coesite and one peridotitic garnet inclusion. Sediment provenance analysis includes petrography coupled to analyses of detrital garnet and glaucophane. The compositions of these key minerals do not indicate kimberlite-derived material. The screening ultimately resulted in a small subset of ten zircons with a kimberlitic affinity.

Subsequent U-Pb dating resulting in Cretaceous ages plus a detailed chemical reflection make. Status of peatland degradation and development in Sumatra and Kalimantan. Peatlands cover around 13 Mha in Sumatra and Kalimantan , Indonesia. Human activities have rapidly increased in the peatland ecosystems during the last two decades, invariably degrading them and making them vulnerable to fires.

This causes high carbon emissions that contribute to global climate change. For this article, we used 94 high resolution m satellite images to map the status of peatland degradation and development in Sumatra and Kalimantan using visual image interpretation. This alarming extent of degradation makes peatlands vulnerable to accelerated peat decomposition and catastrophic fire episodes that will have global consequences.

With on-going degradation and development the existence of the entire tropical peatland ecosystem in this region is in great danger. Thrombocyte counts in malaria patients at East Kalimantan. Malaria still becoming a serious health problem in Indonesia. Beside disorders of erythrocytes, there are some data that Plasmodium caused the other blood cells like leukocyte and thrombocyte.

In malaria, changes of thrombocyte is thrombocytopenia that would be a complication from malaria vivax or malaria falciparum. The aim of this study is to know the thrombocyte count of malaria patients in East Kalimantan. We collected the data from June-August There are malaria patients with male and female respectively The etiology of malaria were Plasmodium falciparum, Plasmodium vivax and mixed infection P. The degree of thrombocytopenia in malaria patients were mild Full Text Available Saponin is a class of natural compounds that have activity that is strongly associated with utilization in pharmacy.

Exploration has been carried out against a number of secondary metabolite content of medicinal plants in East Kalimantan and some of them found to contain saponins. Plants were found to contain saponins and are considered potential Kokang leaf Lepisanthes amoena, Kesumbakeling leaf Bixa orellana, L, Belimbing Wuluh leaf Averrhoa bilimbi L.

Tumbuhan-tumbuhan yang terbukti mengandung sponin dan dianggap potensial adalah daun Kokang Lepisanthes amoena, daun Kesumbakeling Bixa orellana, L, daun Belimbing Wuluh Averrhoa bilimbi L. Comparison of fire data from several different satellite sensors also reveals that fires detected in Kalimantan during appeared more numerous Figure 1 and burned over a longer period Figure 2 than fires that burned in late see discussion below. Full Text Available East Kalimantan Province is one of the rich provinces in natural resources such as coal mining oil and gas.

Utilization of the natural resources is expected to be used optimally to improve the welfare of the community. The purpose of this research is to find out how big the influence of natural resources sector which the consist of mining and quarrying sector and processing industry sector and government expenditure for education against poverty alleviation in East Kalimantan Province.

This research uses explanatory method with time-series and cross-section data and applying multiple regression model with Ordinary Least Square OLS method. The results of this study show that a the natural resource sector and government spending on education have no effect on per capita income growth b economic growth as measured by per capita income growth positively affects on poverty and government spending on education is not significantly influential to poverty reduction and c the natural resource sector has no significant effect on the poverty headcount in East Kalimantan.

To increase rice production in the Province of North Kalimantan , the provincial government has launched a Food Estate Program. The program is also a central government program in relation to government policies on food security. One of the food estate development areas is the Delta Kayan Food Estate of 50, hectares in Bulungan Regency, where about 30, hectares area is a tidal land with a very fertile alluvial soil type.

This policy study aims to identify and analyze problems of increasing rice production through food estate development in North Kalimantan Province and formulate priority programs as recommendations for policy making in increasing rice production. The study has identified a number of problems of increasing rice production, such as land tenure, land suitability, water system, infrastructure, accessibility of production factors, institutional, and capacity of human resources.

The Analytic Hierarchy Process was applied to develop priority programs, resulting in the three most important programs being water management, improving access to production factors, and improving the capacity of human resources. Action plans related to priority programs have also been identified. Assessment of source material U and Th in exploration, mining, processing of zircon sand in Central Kalimantan.

From to , according to data released by the Commerce Department, the volume of zircon sand and concentrates exports has increased highly. One of many locations in Indonesia that widely available zircon sand is Kalimantan island. For example, Central Kalimantan Province in to exports about 51, tones up to 79, tones of zircon sand annually.

The concentration of source material in the zircon sand is important to be known because the presence of natural radioactive U and Th in zircon sand has the potential radiation hazard. Therefore it is necessary to conduct an assessment the potential reserves related to the source material contained in the zircon sand and radiation safety that are applied in the process of mining or processing of zircon sand.

In this paper the location of mining and processing of zircon sand is restricted to the province of Central Kalimantan. Factors affecting the ease of identification are. Zain, Zairin. Full Text Available There are various Malay communities in West Kalimantan , which can be divided into two broad categories: 1 Malay migrants from outside Kalimantan West Kalimantan or contemporary Malays and 2 local Malays or native Malays who are considered as indigenous Malays.

This paper aims to reconstruct the dynamics of Malay culture in West Kalimantan. This historiographical project is undertaken by applying historical method which consists of several main steps: searching for relevant sources, selecting the sources, interpreting the sources, and reconstructing events as relevant to the main topic. Bibliography consists of local sources, documents, and works of foreign scholars which are relevant to the topic. The study aims to conduct a situational analysis for obtaining base-line data of research and development at regional level to develop a facilitation model of health research and development at provincial and district level.

The study has identified that at provincial level it has been founded a Balitbangda Provinsi, whereas at district level there have been founded just two Balitbangda, i. At Balitbangda Provinsi, there were very limited researchers, only 5 researchers and 2 candidates of researcher and out of them there was no health researcher.

With an annual research budget about million to 1. Due to limited researchers, most of the research projects were contracted or working together with other institutions. Bauhinia Pottsii G. Bauhinia is one of the largest genus in Caesalpiniaceae family and distributed in all tropical area. One among species of Bauhinia is Bauhinia pottsii G.

It was recorded that one specimen was originated from East Kalimantan and collected in Ethnobotanical study and nutrient content of indigenous vegetables consumed in Central Kalimantan , Indonesia. Biodiversitas People in Central Kalimantan consume vegetables that collected from the wild or traditionally cultivated. Documentation effort of them is very important because of the diversity of local vegetable are threatened with extinction due to the conversion of peat land and forest fires.

This study aims to dete Full Text Available In recent years, several studies have been carried out to evaluate and investigate the important diseases of swamp buffaloes Bubalus carabanensis in Kalimantan. More attention has been focused on the case of acute infectious diseases and sudden death in the buffaloes. Fasciolosis black disease, acute enteritis, especially fatal enterotoxaemia haemorrhagic septicaemia.

Black disease caused by toxigenic Clostridium novyi occurs in the presence of the organism in the liver and the degree of liver fluke Fasciola gigantica infestation. In regions where black disease is enzootic, Cl. Jom korang main parasailing dengan BTS! Haa korang relax camni tak waktu main parasailing? Happy New Year ! Now travelling to Langkawi will never be the same! Omg thank you Medina and friends. Korang memang awesome sangat2!

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ABETTING THE ENEMY

The result showed that there were 40 species belonged to 27 genera, which 32 species of them 20 genera were epiphytic orchids and 8 species 7 genera were terrestrial orchids. Kondisi pemilikan aset sumberdaya yang bervariasi antar kecamatan di Kabupaten Nunukan menyebabkan variasi kondisi kemiskinan di wilayah ini. Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah metode survai dengan pengumpulan data berupa observasi lapangan, wawancara mendalam, dan diskusi kelompok terfokus.

Pengolahan dan analisis data dilakukan secara deskriptif kualitatif. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa kondisi kemiskinan di Kabupaten Nunukan bervariasi antar kecamatan. Kondisi ini disebabkan oleh bervariasinya pemilikan aset sumberdaya antar kecamatan. Penelitian ini juga menemukan bahwa terdapat dua pola pengentasan kemiskinan yang komprehensif di Kabupaten Nunukan. Pola pengentasan kemiskinan yang dimaksud adalah pola pengentasan kemskinan untuk kelompok anak-anak berupa pendidikan ekstra kurikuler ekonomi kreatif produktif dan pola pengentasan kemiskinan untuk kelompok dewasa adalah program pelatihan, bantuan modal, pendampingan, monitoring, dan pemasaran hasil melalui wadah Usaha Mikro, Kecil, dan Menengah UMKM.

The variation of resources ownership among districts inside Nunukan Regency causing different poverty level in this region. This study aims to determine the poverty condition in Nunukan Regency and to formulate a comprehensive poverty reduction program in this regency. The method used in this study is based on survey method, consists of data collection from field observations, in-depth interviews, and focus group discussions. Data processing and analysis were analyzed using descriptive-qualitative analysis.

The results showed that there. This research aims at comprehending the role of ulama in developing Banjar society of South Kalimantan. The author concludes that ulama plays traditional role, provided that they live in modern era.

Without considering the typology, ulama has brought the Banjarese society into unity. They have also taken important role in keeping up stability, harmony and diversity from various perspectives, interest, and social groups of Banjarese.

It is also revealed that demographic and socio-cultural factors are not closely related with the role of ulama, except that of religiosity. In Banjarese society, ulama is regarded as having high esteem position, due to their knowledge, good character, piety, and their concrete role in social development. In addition, due to their religiosity, their opinions on such fields as social transformation, modernization and development in South Kalimantan are positively responded. Full Text Available Most of the general public of service users have not understood the value of construction consultancy services.

This inhibits market opportunities in the private sector for construction consulting services particularly in South Kalimantan. The objective of the research is to create an appropriate marketing strategy for corporation construction consultancy services in South Kalimantan. This research is done by giving questionnaire to the service users and construction consulting firms in South Kalimantan. The result of the research are, a model of the marketing strategy of the construction consulting service, Strength-Opportunity strategy, grow and build strategy, service pricing strategy, and a basic strategy.

This is a collaboration between the marketing-mix and service quality. Full Text Available These days, many researches on traditional architecture of South Kalimantan focus merely on traditional settlements and houses. Particularly, the research on places of worship has been conducted in small numbers, and it is sometimes never publicized, especially in scientific magazine or journal.

Meanwhile, the construction of some new mosques in South Kalimantan has no longer concerned the local architecture. Traditional Banjarese Tribe is known as an islamic tribe. They used to be called Dayak Tribe since they had faith in traditional religions such as animism and dynamism.

As Muslim people, they perform their prayers in a place of worship called mesigid mosque. The research applies the method of case study. From the analyses, it can be concluded that the traditional mosques of South Kalimantan have three kinds of room, which are palataran, praying area, and mihrab a chamber indicating the direction of Mecca. Palataran is the porch or the terrace surrounding the mosque, while the praying area and mihrab are rectangular.

Traditional mosques in South Kalimantan have their own entity which is formed by the plan of praying area and mihrab, as well as their three layered-roof. The roof in these mosques has a sharp angle 60o and an acute angle 20o. Both symbols are the symbols of identity and mythology of Dayak Tribe. Full Text Available Morphologically, Singkawang and adjacent area consist of zones beaches, undulating hills, and steep hills. Granitic rocks and alluvium as a based rock of Singkawang coasts.

Generally, Singkawang coasts was developed for coastal farms, fishery pond, and beach resorts, where most of these area have been eroded. Geological and physical oceanography condition are the aspects that build the characteristics of Singkawang coast. Human activities also play an important role in managing the equilibrium and dynamics of this coastal region.

This research is to determine the dynamics and coastline changes of Singkawang coasts based on the characteristics of the coastal element and sediment. The Cape Bajau - Cape Banjar is relatively stable due to headlands of this coast is characterized by igneous rocks which resistant to the erosion.

Modern shorelines of the Singkawang coast might be as a shallow marine environment which were occurred thousands years ago pre-Recent. The high of sedimentation process is generated by global sea level change, where was occurred at that time, and might be changed the area become part of the mainland coast of Singkawang. Keywords: coastal dynamics, erosion, sedimentation, Singkawang, West Kalimantan. Full Text Available This essay tries to analyze about participatory communication, especially those currently practiced in coal mining communities in Samarinda, East Kalimantan Province , Indonesia.

In addition, specific practices to facilitate participatory communication are identified and discussed. This essay is based on the author's research on environmental conflicts in coal mining areas. The conclusion of this essay is that community participatory communication in coal mining industry area is still at a pseudo participatory stage.

Cryptocoryne aura Araceae , a new species from West Kalimantan , Indonesia. It differs from other Cryptocoryne species primarily by having a transparent, ciliate membrane along the leaf margin and a short spathe with a yellow, forward-twisted limb. It has Full Text Available Drwan upon three filters of political econmic analysis of mass media, namely concentrated ownership, advertising and the dynamism of audience, this article uncover a local press in Kalimantan.

For the sake gaining maximal profit they fail to perform as watch dog and safeguarding moral idealism. There are various Malay communities in West Kalimantan , which can be divided into two broad categories: 1 Malay migrants from outside Kalimantan West Kalimantan or contemporary Malays and 2 local Malays or native Malays who are considered as indigenous Malays.

This paper aims to reconstruct the dynamics of Malay cult As consequences, pregnant mother, lactating mother and children do not eat the taboo foods so that it can reduce their food intake and finally it can decrease their nutritional status.

The objectives of this study are 1 to identify taboo foods, 2 to identify reasons of taboo food and 3 to improve basic nutrition knowledge through training on food and nutrition. A sample of size 36 households was drawn randomly from household population of size The households population is household farmer who are beneficiary of Special Program for Food Security, Food and Agriculture Organization.

Data were analyzed quantitatively and qualitatively and presented in one way table. Results show that groups which had many food taboo were pregnant woman group and lactating mother group. There are 7 taboo foods for pregnant woman and 11 taboo foods for lactating mother. Some taboo foods for pregnant women are ice, twin banana, young coconut, coconut water, young pineapple and fish.

Some taboo foods for lactating mother are egg, fresh fish, fish, sugar, salt, jackfruit, fat food, hot food, etc. Keywords: taboo food, food intake, nutrition knowledge. Prospect development of local beef cattle from South Kalimantan as supporting to food sovereignty in Indonesia. Indonesian local cattle is one of cattle the largest contributed the national meat production of ruminant particular group of cattle so that the livestock has the potential to be developed as a profitable business if doing of farmer.

One of advantages is potential areas in South Kalimantan mainly swamp lands was very large. Full Text Available The public transportation system along the Kapuas River, Central Kalimantan are highly depend on water transportation. Natural condition gives high distribution to the smoothness of the vessel traffic along the Kapuas Murung River. The local government has planned to build specific port for stock pile at the Batanjung which would face with natural phenomena of sedimentation and erosion at a river mouth.

Erosion and sedimentation could be predicted not only by field observing but it is also needed hypotheses using software analysis. Hydrodynamics and transport sediment models by Mike 21 HDFM-MT software will be applied to describe the position of sedimentations and erosions at a river mouth. Model is assumed by two different river conditions, wet and dry seasons. Based on two types of conditions the model would also describe the river flow and sediment transport at spring and neap periods.

Tidal fluctuations and a river current as field observation data would be verified with the result of model simulations. Based on field observation and simulation results could be known the verification of tidal has an Moreover, based on the simulation the sediment patterns in flood period have a larger area than ebb period.

Furthermore, the erosion patterns dominantly occur during wet and dry season within ebb period. Water depths and sediment patterns should be considered by the vessels that will use the navigation channel at a river mouth. Full Text Available This paper presents a historical overview of the dynamics of inter-religious relations in South Kalimantan. Early conversion to Islam in the 16th century, and more intensive Islamization by the 18th century, can be seen as the formative period of Islam in this region.

The encounter and clash between the new religion and the existing beliefs and practices were unavoidable. By the late 19th century, the clash seems to move to another target, namely the colonial power associated with Christianity. By this period, Islam was transformed from the court into a people movement against the colonial power.

By the first half of the 20th century, the problem of the 18th century apparently reappeared but in another form, namely the clash between puritan and traditional Islam. The making of the Indonesian nation state by the second half of the 20th century pushed the Banjarese Muslims to be involved in the ideological debates, and even in a rebellion against the state.

During the Soeharto period, Muslim-Christian tensions at the national politics also influenced this region. Finally, in the Reformation Era, the Muslims in the province face serious challenges of intra- and inter-religious plurality. Kalimantan field development hikes gas supply for LNG export. This paper reports on the development of Tambora and Tunu gas fields in Kalimantan that have increased available gas supply for the export of liquefied natural gas LNG from Indonesia.

And Indonesia, the world's largest exporter, is keeping pace by expanding the Bontang liquefaction plant in East Kalimantan. A fifth train, with a capacity of around 2. Start-up of a sixth train, of identical capacity, is planned for January The feed to the fifth train comes primarily from the first-phase development of Total Indonesie's two gas fields, Tambora and Tunu.

The sixth train will be fed by a second-phase development of the Tunu field. In pre survey activity of NPP site candidate, environmental aspect is a part of non safety aspect, but the existence as an important area is needed to consider. Purpose of study is to identify fauna and flora biodiversity in Berau Kalalimantn Timur to complete the data base of environmental aspect at survey activity of NPP site candidate The method used is to conduct an inventory and identification of flora-fauna through secondary data collection, making zoning area based on the type of endangered species, and analyze and evaluate the suitability.

Activity is done at June - June The results showed that there were various species of flora and fauna that are categorized protected under Law Decree no. However, some areas such as Tanjung Pandan, Tanjung Bohe northern, southern of Tanjung Ulingan, District Derawan Island, and Batu Putih Talisayan District, and Teluk Sulaiman, Biduk-Biduk District need further study and consideration for zoning interest in nuclear power plants because they meet the existing criteria.

The purpose of this study was to formulate development strategy of TNS ecotourism. Data processing method was done performed by descriptive analysis quantitative and qualitative , Exponential Comparative Method determined the prospective ecotourism products and Importance-Performance Analysis IPA used to identify ecotourism object readiness.

Priority of aspects, problems, solutio The plans for developing the west Kalimantan border regions have been compiled since , however, most of them have not emerged into a realization. It is caused due to a requirement of huge amount of finance and limited availability of the finance source. The determination of a priority of region development is using variables connected with the development of West Kalimantan Region, which are variables of social, economy, and physic.

The result of this research shows that facilities and infrastructure become a significant priority to develop the region borders of West Kalimantan. Full Text Available As part of the regions that share lands and boundaries, Sarawak-Malaysia and Kalimantan Barat-Indonesia have respective characteristics in the borderlands treatment. This paper aims to explore and compare the border areas between two nations, ranging from the borderlands profiles, tourism development and planning, and their opportunities.

Besides, this paper also wants to highlight tourism development as one of the strategies. This paper uses documentary research to seek 'text and context' by narratively describing and compiling the documents. From the discussion, it can be seen that both regions have different characteristics of conditions and problems. For tourism development, different approaches are also 'colored' with timing, momentum, and priorities; as influenced and supported by the national plans.

Tourism in the borderlands is the impetus in which each regions has already been aware of this potential because of the traction of informal flow, accessibility, supply, and demand. Furthermore, we argue that if tourism has exist at the first place, in the future, by its backward linkages, it will encourage more physical and economic development and cooperation between nations. That way, the benefits instead of the forests, but also the empowerment of forest communities.

Full Text Available This research aims to describe the use of language code applied by the participants and to find out the factors influencing the choice of language codes. This research is qualitative research that describe the use of language code in the cross married couples.

The data are taken from the discourses about language code phenomena dealing with the cross- married couples, Banjarese- Javanese ethnics in Tanah Laut regency South Kalimantan , Indonesia. There are 23 data observed and recoded by the researcher based on a certain criteria.

Tanah Laut regency is chosen as a purposive sample where this regency has many different ethnics so that they do cross cultural marriage for example between Banjarese- Javanese ethnics. Findings reveal that mostly the cross married couple used code mixing and code switching in their conversation of daily activities. Code mixing is uttered by Javanese father or mother to their children. Meanwhile, code switching occurs when there is another factor or a new participant who join in the discourse.

The influential factors are situational factors, the environment neighborhood, relative status, and ethnicity. The figure can be even lower when we take the peat thickness of the area into account. Our analysis shows that the current level of carbon price can provide adequate compensation for Indonesia A few years ago, the Indonesian government and sections of the palm oil industry united in the Indonesian Palm Oil Commission IPOC to undertake efforts to restore the atrocious public image that the palm oil industry had earned abroad for its role in the demise of Indonesia's tropical rainforests, the massive forest fires and haze in , and for the widespread conflicts between plantation companies and local communities.

If IPOC succeeded in restoring the palm oil industry's image abroad, it was shattered again after June when the Indonesian Minister of Agriculture revealed details of a government plan to develop the world's largest oil palm plantation in a kilometer band along the border of Kalimantan and Malaysia. The oil palm mega-project, launched in Indonesia under the banner of 'bringing prosperity, security and environmental protection to the Kalimantan border area', turned sour when a business plan developed by the Indonesian State Plantation Corporation PTPN began to circulate.

This document contained a map that showed beyond doubt how the 1. This report describes what has come of the Kalimantan border oil palm mega-plan since it was announced, who is involved and what research, lobby and campaigning has led to so far. In particular, this study aims to inform civil.

In particular, this study aims to inform civil society organizations, palm oil. The purpose of this paper is to investigate and analyze the control in the sale of home loans in East Kalimantan branch Perumnas. In accordance with the purposes of this study the main issues pointed out "Is the internal control of credit sales Perumnas East Kalimantan branch has been carried out effectively.

The analytical tool used i Tracing the depositional history of Kalimantan diamonds by zircon provenance and diamond morphology studies. Diamonds in alluvial deposits in Southeast Asia are not accompanied by indicator minerals suggesting primary kimberlite or lamproite sources. The Meratus Mountains in Southeast Borneo Province Kalimantan Selatan, Indonesia provide the largest known deposit of these so-called "headless" diamond deposits. Proposals for the origin of Kalimantan diamonds include the adjacent Meratus ophiolite complex, ultra-high pressure UHP metamorphic terranes, obducted subcontinental lithospheric mantle and undiscovered kimberlite-type sources.

Here we report results from detailed sediment provenance analysis of diamond-bearing Quaternary river channel material and from representative outcrops of the oldest known formations within the Alino Group, including the diamond-bearing Campanian-Maastrichtian Manunggul Formation. Optical examination of surfaces of diamonds collected from artisanal miners in the Meratus area stones and in West Borneo Sanggau Area, Province Kalimantan Barat; 85 stones points toward a classical kimberlite-type source for the majority of these diamonds.

Some of the diamonds host mineral inclusions suitable for deep single-crystal X-ray diffraction investigation. We determined the depth of formation of two olivines, one coesite and one peridotitic garnet inclusion. Sediment provenance analysis includes petrography coupled to analyses of detrital garnet and glaucophane.

The compositions of these key minerals do not indicate kimberlite-derived material. The screening ultimately resulted in a small subset of ten zircons with a kimberlitic affinity. Subsequent U-Pb dating resulting in Cretaceous ages plus a detailed chemical reflection make.

Status of peatland degradation and development in Sumatra and Kalimantan. Peatlands cover around 13 Mha in Sumatra and Kalimantan , Indonesia. Human activities have rapidly increased in the peatland ecosystems during the last two decades, invariably degrading them and making them vulnerable to fires. This causes high carbon emissions that contribute to global climate change. For this article, we used 94 high resolution m satellite images to map the status of peatland degradation and development in Sumatra and Kalimantan using visual image interpretation.

This alarming extent of degradation makes peatlands vulnerable to accelerated peat decomposition and catastrophic fire episodes that will have global consequences. With on-going degradation and development the existence of the entire tropical peatland ecosystem in this region is in great danger.

Thrombocyte counts in malaria patients at East Kalimantan. Malaria still becoming a serious health problem in Indonesia. Beside disorders of erythrocytes, there are some data that Plasmodium caused the other blood cells like leukocyte and thrombocyte. In malaria, changes of thrombocyte is thrombocytopenia that would be a complication from malaria vivax or malaria falciparum. The aim of this study is to know the thrombocyte count of malaria patients in East Kalimantan. We collected the data from June-August There are malaria patients with male and female respectively The etiology of malaria were Plasmodium falciparum, Plasmodium vivax and mixed infection P.

The degree of thrombocytopenia in malaria patients were mild Full Text Available Saponin is a class of natural compounds that have activity that is strongly associated with utilization in pharmacy. Exploration has been carried out against a number of secondary metabolite content of medicinal plants in East Kalimantan and some of them found to contain saponins.

Plants were found to contain saponins and are considered potential Kokang leaf Lepisanthes amoena, Kesumbakeling leaf Bixa orellana, L, Belimbing Wuluh leaf Averrhoa bilimbi L. Tumbuhan-tumbuhan yang terbukti mengandung sponin dan dianggap potensial adalah daun Kokang Lepisanthes amoena, daun Kesumbakeling Bixa orellana, L, daun Belimbing Wuluh Averrhoa bilimbi L.

Comparison of fire data from several different satellite sensors also reveals that fires detected in Kalimantan during appeared more numerous Figure 1 and burned over a longer period Figure 2 than fires that burned in late see discussion below. Full Text Available East Kalimantan Province is one of the rich provinces in natural resources such as coal mining oil and gas.

Utilization of the natural resources is expected to be used optimally to improve the welfare of the community. The purpose of this research is to find out how big the influence of natural resources sector which the consist of mining and quarrying sector and processing industry sector and government expenditure for education against poverty alleviation in East Kalimantan Province. This research uses explanatory method with time-series and cross-section data and applying multiple regression model with Ordinary Least Square OLS method.

The results of this study show that a the natural resource sector and government spending on education have no effect on per capita income growth b economic growth as measured by per capita income growth positively affects on poverty and government spending on education is not significantly influential to poverty reduction and c the natural resource sector has no significant effect on the poverty headcount in East Kalimantan. To increase rice production in the Province of North Kalimantan , the provincial government has launched a Food Estate Program.

The program is also a central government program in relation to government policies on food security. One of the food estate development areas is the Delta Kayan Food Estate of 50, hectares in Bulungan Regency, where about 30, hectares area is a tidal land with a very fertile alluvial soil type. This policy study aims to identify and analyze problems of increasing rice production through food estate development in North Kalimantan Province and formulate priority programs as recommendations for policy making in increasing rice production.

The study has identified a number of problems of increasing rice production, such as land tenure, land suitability, water system, infrastructure, accessibility of production factors, institutional, and capacity of human resources. The Analytic Hierarchy Process was applied to develop priority programs, resulting in the three most important programs being water management, improving access to production factors, and improving the capacity of human resources.

Action plans related to priority programs have also been identified. Assessment of source material U and Th in exploration, mining, processing of zircon sand in Central Kalimantan. From to , according to data released by the Commerce Department, the volume of zircon sand and concentrates exports has increased highly. One of many locations in Indonesia that widely available zircon sand is Kalimantan island.

For example, Central Kalimantan Province in to exports about 51, tones up to 79, tones of zircon sand annually. The concentration of source material in the zircon sand is important to be known because the presence of natural radioactive U and Th in zircon sand has the potential radiation hazard. Therefore it is necessary to conduct an assessment the potential reserves related to the source material contained in the zircon sand and radiation safety that are applied in the process of mining or processing of zircon sand.

In this paper the location of mining and processing of zircon sand is restricted to the province of Central Kalimantan. Factors affecting the ease of identification are. Zain, Zairin. Full Text Available There are various Malay communities in West Kalimantan , which can be divided into two broad categories: 1 Malay migrants from outside Kalimantan West Kalimantan or contemporary Malays and 2 local Malays or native Malays who are considered as indigenous Malays. This paper aims to reconstruct the dynamics of Malay culture in West Kalimantan.

This historiographical project is undertaken by applying historical method which consists of several main steps: searching for relevant sources, selecting the sources, interpreting the sources, and reconstructing events as relevant to the main topic. Bibliography consists of local sources, documents, and works of foreign scholars which are relevant to the topic. The study aims to conduct a situational analysis for obtaining base-line data of research and development at regional level to develop a facilitation model of health research and development at provincial and district level.

The study has identified that at provincial level it has been founded a Balitbangda Provinsi, whereas at district level there have been founded just two Balitbangda, i. At Balitbangda Provinsi, there were very limited researchers, only 5 researchers and 2 candidates of researcher and out of them there was no health researcher.

With an annual research budget about million to 1. Due to limited researchers, most of the research projects were contracted or working together with other institutions. Bauhinia Pottsii G. Bauhinia is one of the largest genus in Caesalpiniaceae family and distributed in all tropical area. One among species of Bauhinia is Bauhinia pottsii G. It was recorded that one specimen was originated from East Kalimantan and collected in Ethnobotanical study and nutrient content of indigenous vegetables consumed in Central Kalimantan , Indonesia.

Biodiversitas People in Central Kalimantan consume vegetables that collected from the wild or traditionally cultivated. Documentation effort of them is very important because of the diversity of local vegetable are threatened with extinction due to the conversion of peat land and forest fires. This study aims to dete Full Text Available In recent years, several studies have been carried out to evaluate and investigate the important diseases of swamp buffaloes Bubalus carabanensis in Kalimantan.

More attention has been focused on the case of acute infectious diseases and sudden death in the buffaloes. Fasciolosis black disease, acute enteritis, especially fatal enterotoxaemia haemorrhagic septicaemia. Black disease caused by toxigenic Clostridium novyi occurs in the presence of the organism in the liver and the degree of liver fluke Fasciola gigantica infestation.

In regions where black disease is enzootic, Cl. A gross sudden change in diet due to seasonal changes could induce rumen and intestinal stasis, which provide a favourable environment for the rapid proliferation of commensal toxigenic Clostridium perfringens in the small intestine. Subsequent absorption of the toxin produced through the gut wall and its generalized dissemination culminated in a fatal enterotoxaemia.

Haemorrhagic septicaemia HS is an acute, fatal disease affecting swamp buffalo, and caused by Pasteurella multocida B : 2. The swamp buffalo is particularly susceptible for HS, and the reported greatest losses of swamp buffalo in Kalimantan due to HS is recorded in s. The clinical signs of Surra in swamp buffalo were also found in certain areas in Danau Panggang area. Hulu Sungai Utara district.

Vaccination is the accepted method for controlling Black disease, enterotoxaemia and HS. Multi component vaccine, alum adjuvant containing at least 5 types of clostridial toxoids and P. Control and treatment of liver fluke infestation. Remotely sensed forest cover loss shows high spatial and temporal variation across Sumatera and Kalimantan , Indonesia The Indonesian islands of Sumatera and Kalimantan the Indonesian part of the island of Borneo are a center of significant and rapid forest cover loss in the humid tropics with implications for carbon dynamics, biodiversity conservation, and local livelihoods.

The aim of our research was to analyze and interpret annual trends of forest cover loss for different sub-regions of the study area. The total forest cover loss for Sumatera and Kalimantan was 5. At least 6. An additional The overall trend of forest cover loss increased until and decreased thereafter.

The trends for Sumatera and Kalimantan were distinctly different, driven primarily by the trends of Riau and Central Kalimantan provinces , respectively. This analysis shows that annual mapping of forest cover change yields a clearer picture than a one-time overall national estimate. The improved spatio-temporal detail of forest change monitoring products will make it possible to target policies and projects in meeting this commitment.

Full Text Available This research was aims to know the influence of investment and exports on economic growth and Labor recruitment of East Kalimantan Province. The research was analyzed by using model of analysis two lanes performed with SPSS software version Based on analysis way substructure 1 model through F test, showed that the independent variables investment and exports have a significant influence on economic growth because the value of the probability of the F-statistic less than standard real 0, New ceramic data from East Kalimantan : the cord-marked and red-slipped sherds of Liang Abu's layer 2 and Kalimantan 's potter chronology.

In order to discuss our findings we undertake a reappraisal of the pottery material and associated radiocarbon dates from archaeological sites on Borneo Island, which provide us with an appropriate framework for a comparative analysis. This allows us to to include the inland region of Kalimantan in the technological network of Neolithic Island South East Asia. Full Text Available The primary objective of this study was to analyze the potential and challenges of superior sectordevelopment in West Kalimantan.

Superior sectors here interpreted as a sector that producesgoods that can be exported. Descriptive method and time series data for 7 years wasused as the tools and materials to perform the analysis. The results showed that the based on ofnatural resources land, water area and the river, fill the earth and geography, West Kalimantanhave a greater potential for superior sector development, but there are several challenges to thedevelopment potential of the superior sector, including: 1 resource human HR is still weak.

Data processing method was done performed by descriptive analysis quantitative and qualitative, Exponential Comparative Method determined the prospective ecotourism products and Importance-Performance Analysis IPA used to identify ecotourism object readiness. The main problem encountered in the development of ecotourism in the TNS were lack of infrastructure and accessibility, as well as convincing the community by the local goverment on the importance of ecotourism.

The main solutions for development of ecotourism in the TNS is the provision of infrastructure and accommodation facilities. Full Text Available Indonesia is a rich country of arts and cultures. Dayak culture is one example. Dayak community has distinctive and unique of culture, from art, social system, to belief system. The results of this study are very important to record the progress of Dayak culture from ancient to present time, as well as to preserve the high values of Dayak community, as Indonesian people.

This study can be used as materials in further Indonesian culture studying and served as examples to the upcoming art design world. Albumin profile of snakehead fish Channastriata from East Kalimantan , Indonesia. This study aimed to determine the properties of albumin of snakehead fish Channastrata by various method extraction. This research used three groups weight of snakehead that were g small; S , g medium; M and g large; L.

The parameters of this research were yield, proximate, albumin, and colour. The data were analyzed by using completely randomized design which consist two factors of treatments solvent and weight of snakehead and three replications. Marine biodiversity of the coastal area of the Berau region, East Kalimantan , Indonesia : progress report East Kalimantan program, pilot phase October : preliminary results of a field survey performed by an Indonesian-Dutch biodiversity research team.

The coastal waters of East Kalimantan are part of the western boundary of the Indo-West Pacific centre of maximum marine biodiversity. During the pilot phase of the East Kalimantan Program EKP this has been tested by various specialists who used model taxa to test this hypothesis. Emphasis has. Full Text Available Permasalahan kebakaran hutan di berbagai propinsi di Indonesia terutama di Kalimantan Barat dan Sumatera Selatan mulai marak seiring dengan meningkatnya laju penebangan hutan serta tingginya tekanan penduduk akan pemenuhan kebutuhan hidup melalui sumber daya kawasan hutan.

Kebakaran hutan berpengaruh terhadap lingkungan berupa penurunan kualitas udara. Untuk mengetahui dampak kebakaran hutan terhadap karakterisitik kimia air hujan dan kondisi partikulat di Pontianak dan Palembang dilakukan analisa parameter anion, kation, dan pH air hujan serta Suspended Particulate Matter SPM selama periode hingga Dari hasil kajian diketahui bahwa kenaikan jumlah titik api baik di daerah Kalimantan Barat dan Sumatera Selatan diiringi oleh kenaikan konsentrasi deposisi asam dan SPM beberapa saat kemudian.

Baik di Pontianak dan Palembang, kenaikan titik api diiringi dengan kenaikan konsentrasi SPM dengan koefisien korelasi masing-masing 0, dan 0, Forest fire which occurs in many provinces in Indonesia especially in West Kalimantan and South Sumatera increases along with the high and rapid. Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui aktivitas harian orangutan kalimantan Pongo pygmaeus.

Pengamatan dilakukan dengan menggunakan metode focal animal sampling pada dua ekor orangutan kalimantan jantan dewasa. Kedua ekor orangutan tersebut diamati aktivitasnya pada pagi hari pukul Data aktivitas harian dicatat selama tiga jam dengan mencatat kejadian aktivitas setiap satu menit.

Orangutan kalimantan lebih banyak melakukan aktivitas pada sore hari dari pada pagi hari. Aktivitas harian orangutan kalimantan yang diamati di Bali Safari and Marine Park berturut-turut dari yang paling banyak ke aktivitas paling sedikit yaitu istirahat, makan, bergerak bermain, grooming, agresif, dan seksual.

Biomass burning is the principal tool for land clearing and a primary driver of land use change in Kalimantan the Indonesian part of Borneo island. Biomass burning here has consumed millions of hectares of peatland and swamp forests. It also degrades air quality in Southeast Asia, perturbs the global carbon cycle, threatens ecosystem health and biodiversity, and potentially affects the global water cycle.

Over August to December , our result shows a north-south dipole pattern in the long-term changes in terrestrial water storage TWS and groundwater storage GWS. Both TWS and GWS increase in the northern part of Kalimantan , while they decrease in the southern part where fire events are the most severe. We use GRACE estimates, burned area, carbon emissions, and hydroclimatic data to study the relationship between biomass burning and water storage losses.

The analysis shows that extensive biomass burning results in excessive evapotranspiration, which then increases long-term water storage losses in the fire-prone region of Kalimantan. Our results show the potentials of GRACE and its follow-on missions in assisting water storage and fire managements in a region with extensive biomass burning such as Kalimantan.

Kalimantan energy resource management to support energy independence and industry growth. There are a large number of energy resource in Kalimantan such as coal, oil, CBM, gas and nuclear. While the electricity consumption still low. That condition caused by the bad energy planning. The aim of the study are to know the number and the ability of energy resource to supply the energy demand that support the growth of Kalimantan industry. The result is energy resource in Kalimantan can support Kalimantan energy independence and industry growth in Kalimantan.

Whereas for hydro and biomass, the resource are and MWyr, the maximum consumption and MWyr every year. Oil consumption will exceed the resource so need import from other island or replaced by others energy that have large resource such as gas, CBM, or coal. Potency to make cleaner environment can be done by used nuclear energy. Full Text Available There are three models of partnership in the development of smallholders plantation of palm oil in Center of Kalimantan Province , those are: 1 inti-plasma model that is managed by cooperative; 2 inti-plasma model that is managed by company; 3 inti-plasma model that is managed by individual farmers.

This research aims to find the best partnership model amongst them. A random sampling of 30 farmers was chosen for the first and the second models. For the second model, all of the farmers who follow the program as many as 20 farmers was chosen as this research respondent. Agar supaya suaka perikanan dapat berfungsi dengan baik sehingga mempunyai dampak terhadap masyarakat sekitarnya maka suaka tersebut harus dikelola dengan tepat mulai dari penentuan lokasi yang tepat, sarana prasarana yang diperlukan, serta kelembagaan dan pengawasan.

Floodplain waters are strongly influenced by season, drought during dry season and floods in rainy season. There are two groups of fish in the swamp namely the swamp fishgroup black fish and river fish group white fish. Based on the type of habitat in the swamp flood, there are several types of fish reserves namely floodplain pool reserve, swamp lake reserve, river segment reserve, and deep pool of the riverreserve. SEM observation showed that morphology of Krayan salt have cube shape which is the shape of NaCl crystals with space group Fm3m and lattice parameter a 5.

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui komposisi mineral yang terkandung dalam garam gunung. Kata Kunci : Garam Gunung, Krayan. Full Text Available Degraded forest area in Kalimantan could be caused by shifted cultivation activity that be conducted by local peoples in the surrounding forest areas. Efforts to improve the former shifted cultivation area non productive land is developing the settled cultivation by use of irrigation system, better paddy seed, land processing, fertilizing, spraying pesticide, weeding, and better acces to the market.

Local peoples, especially in Kalimantan , has been depended their food on the shifted cultivation pattern since the long time ago. This tradition could cause forest damage, forest fire, forest degradation, deforestation, and lose out of children education because they were following shifted cultivation activity although itsspace is very far from their home. This research was aimed to improve former shifted cultivation lands using wetland cultivation in order to improve land productivity and to support food securityin the local community.

Data of rice yield from settled cultivation and shifted cultivation were got from 15 households that was taking by random at to LSD test also indicated that all paddy yields from settled cultivation were significantly different compare to shifted cultivation at the 0. The community in Tanjung Rendan Villages preferred settled cultivation than shifted cultivation, especially due to higher paddy production.

Profit for settled cultivation was IDR Settled cultivation pattern could. Indonesia was predicted have the highest Hoya species diversity about 60 species from species in the world. Among the major Islands in Indonesia, Kalimantan was predicted have the highest diversity in Hoya species. Full Text Available To know the use of traditional drugs in East Kalimantan and South Sulawesi which are still in use, a study was done in both areas in Using a questionnaire as basis an exploration is done by senior students in pharmacy and senior students of the medical school, with the supervision of the local health service and experts from the National Institute of Health Research and Development.

In the final report of the study no information is exposed on the drug components of traditional prescriptions. Prescriptions used in the ailments suffered in the last 2 weeks, were catagorized and analized. In East Kalimantan 58 prescriptions were recorded and prescriptions in South Sulawesi. The genus of some plants in both areas are not common in general and needs identification. A registration and inventarisation of traditional drugs in other parts in Indonesia is necessary.

Systematic prospection at jumbang III sector, west kalimantan has been carried out for identifying characteristic occurrence of the U mineralization and inventorying U resources potential area. The possibility the U occurrence potential at the investigated may be resulted from granitic magma intrusion which produced an allogeneic type of uranium controlled by tectonic force. The method of the investigation includes systematic geological mapping and the result of the investigation shows that the lithology at the area is metamorphic rocks, intruded by biotite granite and dyke biotite adamelite and kersantite.

The uranium mineralization includes uraninite associated with magnetite, ilmenite, pyrite, pyrhotite, molybdenite, chalcopyrite, rutile, tourmaline, and quarts by magmatic hydrothermal process of allogeneic type U. The total U content of rock area is 7,,67 ppm U potential of the estimation result is Somatic embryogenesis of East Kalimantan local upland rice varieties.

Somatic embryogenesis is the formation, growth and development of embryos from somatic cells. Somatic embryo induction is one of the in vitro plant propagation techniques that is very important for plant developmental purposes. A total of explants mature rice grains for each varieties were inoculated on MS solid medium supplemented with 1 mg L-1 2,4 Dichlorophenoxy acetic acid 2,4-D and 0.

The results showed that response of each variety differed to embryosomatic induction, indicated by callus induction rate and callus quality, in terms of callus color and structure. The fastest callus formation was sobserved in Gedagai variety 8 days while Mayas Pancing 13 days was the latest one. The rate of callus induction varied from 60 to The highest friable callus structure was found in Siam variety Callus color was dominated by the yellowish-white transparent on all varieties tested.

Most of the callus was potential as embryogenic callus characterized from the nodular and globular of friable callus structure and its yellowish-white color. Full Text Available Due to increasing global demand for palm oil, coal, and timber, Indonesia has become the largest contributor of greenhouse gases from primary forest loss in the world.

Local people are compensated for the 'opportunity costs' of not degrading forests. Farmers are becoming embroiled in other ongoing processes, pushing them towards illicit livelihood strategies, sometimes with devastating outcomes. Full Text Available Rock mass characterization is required in design of rock opening, which calculation of engineering characters of rock mass become one important parameter toconsider.

Lemajung sector is one of prospect area for uranium mining in Kalan, West Kalimantan. Purpose of research is to acquire rock mass characteristicsas basic data for planning the development of mining technique of ore deposit. Methodology applied is rock sampling for rock mechanic laboratory analysis, observation of joints, and observation of groundwater condition. Rock parameters analyzed includes uniaxial compressive strength UCS, rock quality designation RQD, joint spacing, joint condition, and groundwater.

Analysis concluded that metasiltstonewhich is lithology contained uranium in Lemajung Sector has rock mass rating RMR value of 56 or rock mass class III: fair rock in the depth of around 60 m, and in the depth of m RMR value reach 82 or rock mass class I: very good rock. RMR value data furthermore could be used for analysis of tunneling in the model of underground mine or slope stability analysis in the model of open pit mine.

Phytochemical screening of Diplazium esculentum as medicinal plant from Central Kalimantan , Indonesia. Diplazium esculentum is one of the ferns used by the Dayak's people in Central Kalimantan as a traditional medicine to treat tumors, asthma, and acne. This study aims to determine the content of bioactive compounds in Diplazium esculentum in Central Kalimantan. This research is a descriptive study with a qualitative approach.

Qualitative phytochemical screening detected the presence of flavonoids, polyphenols, alkaloids, terpenoids and saponins in aqueous extracts with the boiled and brewed method, while in ethanol extract this detected polyphenols, alkaloids, terpenoids, and saponins. The results show that the use of water as a solvent can be an alternative in plant extracts. All routes in the area of study were investigated. The number of epiphytic orchids found was 32 genera, consisting of 99 species.

The most common species were those of genera Bulbophyllum and Dendrobium. Some of them were endemic to Kalimantan , i. Dendrobium nabawanense, Bulbophyllum beccarii, Dendrochilum oxylobum, Liparis lobongensis and Porpax borneensis. These orchids were frequently found on Saraca declinata, Dipterocarpus sp. Discursive barriers and cross-scale forest governance in Central Kalimantan , Indonesia.

Full Text Available Students of social-ecological systems have emphasized the need for effective cross-scale governance. We theorized that discursive barriers, particularly between technical and traditional practices, can act as a barrier to cross-scale collaboration. We argue that the complexities of bridging local land management practices and technical approaches to greenhouse gas emissions reduction and carbon offsetting create barriers to cross-scale collaboration.

We found that discursive divides were associated with a decreased probability of collaboration between organizations and that organizations headquartered outside the province were less likely to collaborate with organizations headquartered in the province.

We conclude that bridging discursive communities presents a chicken-and-egg problem for cross-scale governance of social-ecological systems. In precisely the situations where it is most important, when bridging transnational standards with local knowledge and land management practices, it is the most difficult. Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertuiuan untuk mendapatkan gambaran umum kineria industri lapis di Kalimantan Selatan saat ini. Penelitian dilaksanakan dengan mengamati data industri kayu lapis di Kalsel saat ini dan detail pengamatan pada 3 tiga industri, yaitu PT.

SST, PT. WTU dan PT. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa industri kayu lapis umumnva memiliki kesamaan dalam proses dan mesin produksinya. Dari ke 3 industri kayu lapis yang diteliti vang membedakan adalah macam produk dan bahan baku kayunva. Dalam penanganan aspek lingkungan, industri kavu lapis mempunyai kesamaan dalam hal penanganan limbahnva. Penanganan limbah kayu dengan memanfaatkan kembali sebagian limbah kayu sebagai produk blockboard dan sisanva sebagai bahan bakar boiler.

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